Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker (Melanerpes cruentatus) - HBW 7, p. 443

French: Pic à chevron d’or German: Gelbbrauenspecht Spanish: Carpintero Azulado
Other common names: Red-fronted Woodpecker (“M. rubrifrons”)

Taxonomy: Picus cruentatus Boddaert, 1783, Cayenne.
Sometimes placed in a separate genus Tripsurus, along with M. pucherani, M. chrysauchen and M. flavifrons. Forms a superspecies with last of those, sometimes also including first two. Black-headed morph (mostly in S & SE Venezuela, the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil, where it predominates) was formerly considered a separate species, “M. rubrifrons”, but interbreeds freely with yellow-tufted morph wherever the two co-occur; hence, there are no grounds even for subspecific division. Population in W & S of range (Colombia to Venezuela and W Brazil, an.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Picus cruentatus Boddaert, 1783, Cayenne.
Sometimes placed in a separate genus Tripsurus, along with M. pucherani, M. chrysauchen and M. flavifrons. Forms a superspecies with last of those, sometimes also including first two. Black-headed morph (mostly in S & SE Venezuela, the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil, where it predominates) was formerly considered a separate species, “M. rubrifrons”, but interbreeds freely with yellow-tufted morph wherever the two co-occur; hence, there are no grounds even for subspecific division. Population in W & S of range (Colombia to Venezuela and W Brazil, and S of there) described as race extensus, on basis of difference in tone and extent of red on belly; this character, however, varies greatly among all populations, and racial separation considered untenable. Monotypic.

Distribution: E Colombia and S & SE Venezuela E to the Guianas and NE Brazil (E to Maranhão), S to E Ecuador, E Peru, N & E Bolivia and Mato Grosso.