New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela) - HBW 16, p. 749

French: Cassique cul-jaune German: Gelbbürzelkassike Spanish: Cacique Lomiamarillo
Other common names: Lawrence’s/Saffron-rumped Cacique (vitellinus, flavicrissus)

Taxonomy: Parus Cela Linnaeus, 1758, “in Indiis”; error = Suriname.
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA indicates closer relationship with C. uropygialis than with C. haemorrhous, being genetically rather distant from latter. Races form two distinctive groups, separated by Andes: W group (vitellinus and flavicrissus) possibly represents a separate species, differing from single-species “cela group” in plumage colour and voice. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • vitellinus Lawrence, 1864 - C Panama S to N & C Colombia (Santa Marta, Tolima).
  • flavicrissus (P. L. Sclater, 1860) - W Ecuador and extreme NW Peru.
  • cela (Linnaeus, 1758) - lowlands E of Andes from Colombia (including Caribbean coast near Santa Marta), most of Venezuela, Trinidad, and the Guianas S to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz) and S Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); also, coastal E Brazil (Pernambuco S to SE Bahia).