Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Yellow-green Grosbeak (Caryothraustes canadensis) - HBW 16, p. 413

French: Cardinal flavert German: Gelbbauchkardinal Spanish: Picogrueso Verdiamarillo
Other common names: Green Grosbeak

Taxonomy: Loxia canadensis Linnaeus, 1766, Canada; error = Cayenne, French Guiana.
May form a superspecies, and has been treated as conspecific, with C. poliogaster. Race simulans sometimes included in latter species. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • simulans Nelson, 1912 - Cerro Pirré (E Darién), in E Panama.
  • canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766) - SE Colombia (Vaupés), S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro), the Guianas and N Brazil (E Amazonas and N Pará E to N Maranhão).
  • frontalis (Hellmayr, 1905) - NE Brazil (Paraíba, Pernambuco and Alagoas).
  • brasiliensis Cabanis, 1851 - EC Brazil (E Bahia, E Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro).