Weavers (Ploceidae)

Yellow Bishop (Euplectes capensis) - HBW 15, p. 149

French: Euplecte à croupion jaune German: Samtweber Spanish: Obispo Culigualdo
Other common names: Yellow-rumped Bishop/Widow, Black-and-yellow/Cape Bishop

Taxonomy: Loxia capensis Linnaeus, 1766, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Molecular data indicate that this species is a short-tailed widowbird, not closely allied to the bishop group. Has hybridized with E. axillaris in captivity. Other proposed races are sabinjo (described from Sabinjo, in E DRCongo), kilimensis (from Moshi, in NE Tanzania), litoris (from Morogoro, in S Tanzania), transvaalensis (from Woodbush, in C Limpopo, in N South Africa) and zambesiensis (from Boror, in Mozambique), all synonymized with crassirostris; and, in South Africa, macrorhynchus (described from Klawer, on R Olifants, in NW Wes.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Loxia capensis Linnaeus, 1766, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Molecular data indicate that this species is a short-tailed widowbird, not closely allied to the bishop group. Has hybridized with E. axillaris in captivity. Other proposed races are sabinjo (described from Sabinjo, in E DRCongo), kilimensis (from Moshi, in NE Tanzania), litoris (from Morogoro, in S Tanzania), transvaalensis (from Woodbush, in C Limpopo, in N South Africa) and zambesiensis (from Boror, in Mozambique), all synonymized with crassirostris; and, in South Africa, macrorhynchus (described from Klawer, on R Olifants, in NW Western Cape), included in nominate, and knysnae (from Knysna, in SE Western Cape), treated as a synonym of approximans. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • phoenicomerus G. R. Gray, 1862 - highlands of SE Nigeria and W & C Cameroon; also Bioko I (Fernando Póo).
  • xanthomelas Rüppell, 1840 - highlands of Ethiopia.
  • crassirostris ( Ogilvie-Grant, 1907) - SE Sudan, W & E Uganda, E & SE DRCongo, Rwanda and Burundi, C Kenya and coastal and highland Tanzania S to Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe plateau and highlands, NE South Africa and C & S Mozambique.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • phoenicomerus G. R. Gray, 1862 - highlands of SE Nigeria and W & C Cameroon; also Bioko I (Fernando Póo).
  • xanthomelas Rüppell, 1840 - highlands of Ethiopia.
  • crassirostris ( Ogilvie-Grant, 1907) - SE Sudan, W & E Uganda, E & SE DRCongo, Rwanda and Burundi, C Kenya and coastal and highland Tanzania S to Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe plateau and highlands, NE South Africa and C & S Mozambique.
  • angolensis Neunzig, 1928 - highlands of Angola.
  • capensis ( Linnaeus, 1766) - S South Africa (Western Cape E to Knysna region).
  • approximans ( Cabanis, 1851) - E South Africa (from Gauteng S to Knysna), W Swaziland and Lesotho.