Buntings and New World Sparrows (Emberizidae)

Yellow-billed Cardinal (Paroaria capitata)

French: Paroare à bec jaune German: Mantelkardinal Spanish: Cardenilla Piquigualda

Taxonomy: Tachyphonus capitatus d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye, 1837, Corrientes, Argentina.
Recent molecular-genetic research indicates that genus belongs in the tanager family (Thraupidae), forming a clade with, among others, Cissopis and Schistochlamys; curiously, members of latter two genera are similar in some plumage features and in bill shape to some members of present genus. This species may form a superspecies with P. nigrogenis, P. baeri and P. gularis (all four have sometimes been placed in a separate genus, Coccopsis); appears to be closest to last of those. Race fuscipes weakly differentiated; species perhaps better treated.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Tachyphonus capitatus d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye, 1837, Corrientes, Argentina.
Recent molecular-genetic research indicates that genus belongs in the tanager family (Thraupidae), forming a clade with, among others, Cissopis and Schistochlamys; curiously, members of latter two genera are similar in some plumage features and in bill shape to some members of present genus. This species may form a superspecies with P. nigrogenis, P. baeri and P. gularis (all four have sometimes been placed in a separate genus, Coccopsis); appears to be closest to last of those. Race fuscipes weakly differentiated; species perhaps better treated as monotypic. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • capitata (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) - S Brazil (SW Mato Grosso) and adjacent Bolivia (E Santa Cruz) S through Paraguay to N Argentina (E Salta, Formosa and Corrientes S to W Cordoba and N Buenos Aires) and extreme NW Uruguay.
  • fuscipes J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 - E Tarija, SE Bolivia.