Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii) - HBW 9, p. 668
French: Hirondelle à longs brins
Spanish: Golondrina Colilarga
Other common names: African Wire-tailed Swallow (smithii); Asian Wire-tailed Swallow (filifera)
Taxonomy: Hirundo Smithii Leach, 1818, Chisalla Island, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Sometimes considered to form a superspecies with H. nigrita, but substantial plumage and other morphological differences, combined with extent of range overlap in Africa (Congo Basin), make this unlikely. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- smithii Leach, 1818 - sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal, S Mali and C Ivory Coast E to C & S Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia, and S (outside C rainforest zone) to N Namibia, N Botswana and NE South Africa.
- filifera Stephens, 1826 - S Uzbekistan, S Tadjikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, SW Nepal, Myanmar, N Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and C Vietnam.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 22 videos
An adult male perched on an electric wire, preening and stretching wings and tail. Locality Dasada, Surendranagar District, Gujarat, India (ssp filifera)
Josep del Hoyo 18 February 2011 2 years ago 22 sec 4.6
Frontal view of an adult female preening on a wire. Locality Dasada, Surendranagar District, Gujarat, India (ssp filifera)
Josep del Hoyo 18 February 2011 2 years ago 24 sec 4.5
An adult male preening on an electric wire. Locality Dasada, Surendranagar District, Gujarat, India (ssp filifera)
Josep del Hoyo 18 February 2011 2 years ago 23 sec 4.4
An individual perched on the railings of a travelling boat and briefly singing Locality Victoria Falls, Matabeleland North Province, Zimbabwe (ssp smithii)
Greg Baker 14 September 1999 2 years ago 38 sec 4.3
A juvenile bird preening on a wire. Locality Dasada, Surendranagar District, Gujarat, India (ssp filifera)
Josep del Hoyo 18 February 2011 2 years ago 23 sec 4
Two birds on a wire, one flies away. Locality Afar Plains, Afar Region, Ethiopia (ssp smithii)
Josep del Hoyo 27 November 2005 8 years ago 29 sec 3.9
PhotosSee all 50 photos
Sitting on a dead tree
Locality Dwarka, Delhi, India (ssp filifera)
siddhartha 6 August 2013 37 weeks ago 4.5
A juvenile near water.
Locality Pune Division, Maharashtra, India (ssp filifera)
anup sharma 18 December 2010 3 years ago 4.5
Locality Punda Maria, Kruger National Park, South Africa (ssp smithii)
Tom Heijnen 4 August 2011 10 weeks ago 4.4
Perched on a branch just above the lake.
Locality Lake Naivasha, Kenya (ssp smithii)
Nick Athanas 1 September 2012 1 year ago 4.4
Locality Thol Bird Sanctuary, Mehsana District, Gujarat, India
Jeel Bharat Patel 15 December 2013 17 weeks ago 4.3
This female was busy in building a new nest .
Locality Yavatmal, Yavatmal District, Maharashtra, India
Jayant Atrey 25 February 2013 1 year ago 4.3