Turkeys (Meleagrididae)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) - HBW 2, p. 374

French: Dindon sauvage German: Truthuhn Spanish: Guajolote Gallipavo
Other common names: Eastern Wild Turkey (silvestris); Florida Turkey (osceola); Rio Grande Turkey (intermedia); Merriam's (Wild) Turkey (merriami); Gould's Turkey (mexicana)

Taxonomy: Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758, North America = Mexico.
Birds of NW Mexico sometimes awarded separate race, onusta. Six subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • silvestris Vieillot, 1817 - E North America, N to S Ontario, W to Great Plains, and S into Texas and N Florida.
  • osceola Scott, 1890 - Florida.
  • intermedia Sennett, 1879 - Kansas S into Mexico; also translocated to areas W of historical range including California, Oregon and Washington.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • silvestris Vieillot, 1817 - E North America, N to S Ontario, W to Great Plains, and S into Texas and N Florida.
  • osceola Scott, 1890 - Florida.
  • intermedia Sennett, 1879 - Kansas S into Mexico; also translocated to areas W of historical range including California, Oregon and Washington.
  • merriami Nelson, 1900 - W Great Plains and Rocky Mts; also translocated to areas W of historical range including Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
  • mexicana Gould, 1856 - Mexico, in mountains W of Central Plateau.
  • gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758 - Mexico, from Veracruz W to Jalisco, and S to Guerrero.