Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica) - HBW 4, p. 161

French: Tourterelle à ailes blanches German: Weißflügeltaube Spanish: Zenaida Aliblanca
Other common names: Singing/Mesquite Dove, White-wing

Taxonomy: Columba asiatica Linnaeus, 1758, Jamaica.
Probably more closely related to Columba than to most other members of Zenaida, but tentatively retained in this genus at present. Often considered conspecific with Z. meloda, but important differences in vocalizations and morphology. Validity of race australis requires critical evaluation; coloration highly variable, and birds from Veracruz and Costa Rica were found to be indistinguishable. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • mearnsi (Ridgway, 1915) - Baja California, S Arizona and New Mexico S to Guerrero and Puebla (SC Mexico); also Tres Marias Is (off CW Mexico).
  • asiatica (Linnaeus, 1758) - lower Rio Grande Valley (Texas) S to Isthmus of Tehuantepec, S on both slopes through Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador to Nicaragua; also S Bahamas through Cuba, Jamaica and Hispaniola to Puerto Rico; Grand Cayman, San Andrés and Providencia.
  • australis (J. L. Peters, 1913) - W Costa Rica to W Panama.