Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

White-winged Black Tit (Parus leucomelas) - HBW 12, p. 731

French: Mésange à épaulettes German: Rüppellmeise Spanish: Carbonero Aliblanco
Other common names: (Common) Black Tit, White-winged Tit

Taxonomy: Parus leucomelas Rüppell, 1840, Halei Province, Temben, Ethiopia.
Forms a superspecies with P. guineensis, P. niger, P. carpi and P. albiventris, possibly also including P. leuconotus. Often treated as conspecific with P. guineensis, and the two occur in mixed flocks in Uganda, but they differ in eye colour, and no evidence of intergrades; further research required. Possibly closer to P. niger, and sometimes considered conspecific with it, but the two appear not to interbreed in area of range overlap in Malawi and Zambia. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • leucomelas Rüppell, 1840 - C & SE Ethiopia.
  • insignis Cabanis, 1880 - S Gabon and S PR Congo E to E DRCongo, SW Uganda, W Rwanda, N Burundi and NW & C Tanzania, S to Angola, Zambia and Malawi.