Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi) - HBW 4, p. 168

French: Colombe de Verreaux German: Blauringtaube Spanish: Paloma Montaraz Común
Other common names: Pale-fronted/White-fronted Dove, Solitary Pigeon

Taxonomy: Leptoptila [sic] verreauxi Bonaparte, 1855, Colombia.
Probably forms superspecies with L. megalura. Race brasiliensis sometimes considered a separate species (incorporating approximans, decipiens and chalcauchenia) on basis of supposed difference in colour of orbital skin, but these differences are not consistently maintained. Race riottei doubtfully distinct from verreauxi; race chalcauchenia sometimes listed as chlorauchenia, but former has priority by approximately one month. Fourteen subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • capitalis Nelson, 1898 - Tres Marías Is, off CW Mexico.
  • angelica Bangs & Penard, 1922 - Lower Rio Grande Valley in S Texas (USA), and Mexico from S Sonora and Chihuahua, S on both coasts to at least Guerrero and N Veracruz.
  • fulviventris Lawrence, 1882 - SE Mexico, including Yucatán Peninsula, S to NE Guatemala and Belize.

     See all 14 subspecies
  • capitalis Nelson, 1898 - Tres Marías Is, off CW Mexico.
  • angelica Bangs & Penard, 1922 - Lower Rio Grande Valley in S Texas (USA), and Mexico from S Sonora and Chihuahua, S on both coasts to at least Guerrero and N Veracruz.
  • fulviventris Lawrence, 1882 - SE Mexico, including Yucatán Peninsula, S to NE Guatemala and Belize.
  • bangsi Dickey & van Rossem, 1926 - Pacific slope of Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua, extending into W Honduras.
  • nuttingi Ridgway, 1915 - L Nicaragua, occurring on W shore and on Ometepe I.
  • riottei Lawrence, 1868 - Caribbean slope of Costa Rica.
  • verreauxi Bonaparte, 1855 - extreme SW Nicaragua through W Costa Rica and Panama to N Colombia (Magdalena Valley) and N Venezuela, with offshore islands of Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire, and Margarita.
  • zapluta J. L. Peters, 1937 - Trinidad.
  • tobagensis Hellmayr & Seilern, 1915 - Tobago.
  • decolor Salvin, 1895 - W subtropical zone in Colombia S through W & C Ecuador to W & N Peru (Trujillo and Marañón Valley).
  • brasiliensis (Bonaparte, 1856) - the Guianas and N Brazil, S to N bank of lower Amazon, W to R Solimões.
  • approximans Cory, 1917 - NE Brazil from Piauí and Ceará to N Bahia.
  • decipiens (Salvadori, 1871) - E Peru and E Bolivia across C Brazil (S of Amazon through Mato Grosso to São Paulo).
  • chalcauchenia P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1870 - extreme S Bolivia, Paraguay, S Brazil (Paraná) and Uruguay to NC Argentina (Tucumán, Córdoba, Buenos Aires).