White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) - HBW 6, p. 207
French: Martin-chasseur de Smyrne
Spanish: Alción de Esmirna
Other common names: White-breasted/Smyrna Kingfisher
Taxonomy: Alcedo smyrnensis Linnaeus, 1758, Izmir, west Turkey.
Forms a superspecies with H. cyanoventris, and sometimes considered conspecific, but recently found to overlap in range in W Java without interbreeding. Populations described as race perpulchra (Myanmar E to Indochina, S to Greater Sundas) and race fokiensis (S & E China, Taiwan) considered inseparable from fusca. Four subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) - W & S Turkey S to NE Egypt, and from C Iraq E to Pakistan, extreme NE Afghanistan and NW India.
- fusca (Boddaert, 1783) - India (except NW) and Sri Lanka E to SE China and Taiwan, and S to Sumatra and W Java.
- saturatior Hume, 1874 - Andaman Is.
- gularis (Kuhl, 1820) - Philippines.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 60 videos
adult, front front perched on branch Locality Angono Petroglyphs, Rizal Province, Luzon, Philippines (ssp gularis)
Martin Kennewell 10 June 2012 3 years ago 21 sec 4.7
A bird resting on a branch. Locality Bund Baretha Wildlife Sanctuary, Bharatpur District, Rajasthan, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 3 July 2014 18 weeks ago 19 sec 4.5
A bird resting on a reed and flying away. Locality Okhla, Delhi, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2014 22 weeks ago 33 sec 4.5
A recently fledged bird perched on a wire, calling once and flying off. Locality Sultanpur, Gurgaon District, Haryana, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2014 24 weeks ago 38 sec 4.5
A close-up of a perched bird. Locality Chidiya Tapu Biological Park, Chidiya Tapu, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar (ssp saturatior)
Josep del Hoyo 16 December 2009 5 years ago 49 sec 4.5
perched bird, has a pooh, then flies down to ground, returns with an earthworm, eats it Locality Chidiya Tapu Biological Park, Chidiya Tapu, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar (ssp saturatior)
Martin Kennewell 23 December 2007 5 years ago 56 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 179 photos
Bird perching on a post.
Locality Wat Khao Takrao, Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand, Thailand (ssp perpulchra)
David Cook Wildlife Photo... 8 February 2015 5 weeks ago 4.7
Juvenile trying to eat a terrapin
Locality Hong Kong
wilsondring 4 July 2013 2 years ago 4.6
Perched in a tree
Locality Anuradhapura, North Central Province, Sri Lanka
Marco Valentini 3 January 2014 1 year ago 4.6
Bird on look-out
Locality Galle, Southern Province, Sri Lanka (ssp fusca)
MichaelP 13 April 2015 12 weeks ago 4.5
Locality Port Blair, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar
Stanislav Harvančík 16 February 2015 18 weeks ago 4.5
A bird hunting
Locality Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur District, Rajasthan, India
Cedric Mroczko 8 February 2010 27 weeks ago 4.4
SoundsSee all 11 recordings
This is the call of the bird in the early morning for its mate Locality Peninsular Malaysia
Khong Tuck Khoon 12 August 2006 5 years ago 4.5
A perched bird calling. Locality Botanical Gardens, Singapore
Josep del Hoyo 1 November 2009 5 years ago 4.3
Typical loud calls from perch also while flying Locality Jaipur District, Rajasthan, India
RAM GOPAL SONI 1 July 2007 5 years ago 4.3
A bird singing. Locality Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur District, Rajasthan, India
Josep del Hoyo 2 July 2014 18 weeks ago 4
A recently fledged bird calling twice. Locality Sultanpur, Gurgaon District, Haryana, India
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2014 24 weeks ago 4
adult calling..... Locality Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, India
drshaileshdarjimd 6 September 2012 2 years ago 4