White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) - HBW 6, p. 207
French: Martin-chasseur de Smyrne
Spanish: Alción de Esmirna
Other common names: White-breasted/Smyrna Kingfisher
Taxonomy: Alcedo smyrnensis Linnaeus, 1758, Izmir, west Turkey.
Forms a superspecies with H. cyanoventris, and sometimes considered conspecific, but recently found to overlap in range in W Java without interbreeding. Populations described as race perpulchra (Myanmar E to Indochina, S to Greater Sundas) and race fokiensis (S & E China, Taiwan) considered inseparable from fusca. Four subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) - W & S Turkey S to NE Egypt, and from C Iraq E to Pakistan, extreme NE Afghanistan and NW India.
- fusca (Boddaert, 1783) - India (except NW) and Sri Lanka E to SE China and Taiwan, and S to Sumatra and W Java.
- saturatior Hume, 1874 - Andaman Is.
- gularis (Kuhl, 1820) - Philippines.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 60 videos
adult, front front perched on branch Locality Angono Petroglyphs, Rizal Province, Luzon, Philippines (ssp gularis)
Martin Kennewell 10 June 2012 3 years ago 21 sec 4.8
A recently fledged bird perched on a wire, calling once and flying off. Locality Sultanpur, Gurgaon District, Haryana, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2014 38 weeks ago 38 sec 4.6
A bird resting on a branch. Locality Bund Baretha Wildlife Sanctuary, Bharatpur District, Rajasthan, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 3 July 2014 31 weeks ago 19 sec 4.5
A bird resting on a reed and flying away. Locality Okhla, Delhi, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2014 35 weeks ago 33 sec 4.5
A close-up of a perched bird. Locality Chidiya Tapu Biological Park, Chidiya Tapu, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar (ssp saturatior)
Josep del Hoyo 16 December 2009 5 years ago 49 sec 4.5
A bird. Locality Sierra Madre, Cagayan Valley Province, Luzon, Philippines (ssp gularis)
Daniêl Jimenez 14 April 2009 6 years ago 1 min 21 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 180 photos
Bird perching on a post.
Locality Wat Khao Takrao, Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand, Thailand (ssp perpulchra)
David Cook Wildlife Photo... 8 February 2015 18 weeks ago 4.7
Locality Port Blair, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar
Stanislav Harvančík 16 February 2015 32 weeks ago 4.7
Bird on look-out
Locality Galle, Southern Province, Sri Lanka (ssp fusca)
MichaelP 13 April 2015 25 weeks ago 4.6
Perched in a tree
Locality Anuradhapura, North Central Province, Sri Lanka
Marco Valentini 3 January 2014 1 year ago 4.6
Juvenile trying to eat a terrapin
Locality Hong Kong
wilsondring 4 July 2013 2 years ago 4.6
A bird hunting
Locality Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur District, Rajasthan, India
Cedric Mroczko 8 February 2010 41 weeks ago 4.4
SoundsSee all 11 recordings
A perched bird calling. Locality Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore
Josep del Hoyo 1 November 2009 5 years ago 4.5
This is the call of the bird in the early morning for its mate Locality Peninsular Malaysia
Khong Tuck Khoon 12 August 2006 5 years ago 4.5
Typical loud calls from perch also while flying Locality Jaipur District, Rajasthan, India
RAM GOPAL SONI 1 July 2007 5 years ago 4.3
A bird singing. Locality Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur District, Rajasthan, India
Josep del Hoyo 2 July 2014 32 weeks ago 4.3
A recently fledged bird calling twice. Locality Sultanpur, Gurgaon District, Haryana, India
Josep del Hoyo 7 July 2014 38 weeks ago 4
adult calling..... Locality Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, India
drshaileshdarjimd 6 September 2012 3 years ago 4