Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) - HBW 6, p. 207

French: Martin-chasseur de Smyrne German: Braunliest Spanish: Alción de Esmirna
Other common names: White-breasted/Smyrna Kingfisher

Taxonomy: Alcedo smyrnensis Linnaeus, 1758, Izmir, west Turkey.
Forms a superspecies with H. cyanoventris, and sometimes considered conspecific, but recently found to overlap in range in W Java without interbreeding. Populations described as race perpulchra (Myanmar E to Indochina, S to Greater Sundas) and race fokiensis (S & E China, Taiwan) considered inseparable from fusca. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) - W & S Turkey S to NE Egypt, and from C Iraq E to Pakistan, extreme NE Afghanistan and NW India.
  • fusca (Boddaert, 1783) - India (except NW) and Sri Lanka E to SE China and Taiwan, and S to Sumatra and W Java.
  • saturatior Hume, 1874 - Andaman Is.
  • gularis (Kuhl, 1820) - Philippines.