White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) - HBW 6, p. 207
French: Martin-chasseur de Smyrne
Spanish: Alción de Esmirna
Other common names: White-breasted/Smyrna Kingfisher
Taxonomy: Alcedo smyrnensis Linnaeus, 1758, Izmir, west Turkey.
Forms a superspecies with H. cyanoventris, and sometimes considered conspecific, but recently found to overlap in range in W Java without interbreeding. Populations described as race perpulchra (Myanmar E to Indochina, S to Greater Sundas) and race fokiensis (S & E China, Taiwan) considered inseparable from fusca. Four subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) - W & S Turkey S to NE Egypt, and from C Iraq E to Pakistan, extreme NE Afghanistan and NW India.
- fusca (Boddaert, 1783) - India (except NW) and Sri Lanka E to SE China and Taiwan, and S to Sumatra and W Java.
- saturatior Hume, 1874 - Andaman Is.
- gularis (Kuhl, 1820) - Philippines.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 54 videos
A close-up of a perched bird. Locality Chidiya Tapu Biological Park, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar (ssp saturatior)
Josep del Hoyo 16 December 2009 3 years ago 49 sec 4.5
perched bird, has a pooh, then flies down to ground, returns with an earthworm, eats it Locality Chidiya Tapu Biological Park, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar (ssp saturatior)
Martin Kennewell 23 December 2007 4 years ago 56 sec 4.4
A perched bird Locality Taiping, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia
Juan Sanabria 1 August 2010 3 years ago 33 sec 4.3
A bird. Locality Sierra Madre, Cagayan Valley Province, Luzon, Philippines (ssp gularis)
Daniêl Jimenez 14 April 2009 4 years ago 1 min 21 sec 4.3
Caught a mouse which fought back and escaped Locality Jaipur District, Rajasthan, India (ssp smyrnensis)
RAM GOPAL SONI 1 April 2005 4 years ago 8 sec 4.2
An adult bird perched on a trunk, looking around. Locality Raniwara, Jalor (Jalore) District, Rajasthan, India (ssp smyrnensis)
Josep del Hoyo 19 February 2011 2 years ago 16 sec 4
PhotosSee all 135 photos
Perched in a tree
Locality Anuradhapura, North Central Province, Sri Lanka
Marco Valentini 3 January 2014 5 weeks ago 4.6
Juvenile trying to eat a terrapin
Locality Hong Kong
wilsondring 4 July 2013 35 weeks ago 4.5
on a rock at river jordan
Locality Jordan Valley, Israel (ssp smyrnensis)
Lior Kislev 4 March 2009 3 years ago 4.3
Sitting on a railing by the road...
Locality Dwarka, Delhi, India
siddhartha 6 August 2013 30 weeks ago 4.3
Locality Tseung Kwan O, Hong Kong
Terence S K LAI 15 May 2012 1 year ago 4.3
Singing on the famous perch at early morning.
Locality Pakistan (ssp smyrnensis)
Zotyesz 19 April 2009 3 years ago 4.3
SoundsSee all 7 recordings
This is the call of the bird in the early morning for its mate Locality Peninsular Malaysia
Khong Tuck Khoon 12 August 2006 3 years ago 4.5
A perched bird calling. Locality Botanical Gardens, Singapore
Josep del Hoyo 1 November 2009 3 years ago 4.3
Typical loud calls from perch also while flying Locality Jaipur District, Rajasthan, India
RAM GOPAL SONI 1 July 2007 4 years ago 4.3
adult calling..... Locality Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, India
drshaileshdarjimd 6 September 2012 1 year ago 4
Soft calls from a perch Locality Rajasthan, India
RAM GOPAL SONI 1 August 2004 4 years ago 4
An adult flying by calling Locality Kerala, India
Stuart Fisher 9 February 2006 4 years ago 4