Dippers (Cinclidae)

White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) - HBW 10, p. 353

French: Cincle plongeur German: Wasseramsel Spanish: Mirlo-acuático Europeo
Other common names: Common/Eurasian Dipper, White-breasted Dipper; White-bellied Dipper (leucogaster)

Taxonomy: Sturnus cinclus Linnaeus, 1758, Europe = Sweden.
Closest to C. pallasii. Subspecific taxonomy in need of revision, especially since data from cytochrome b sequences conflict with presumed distributions of races in W Palearctic. Much variation probably clinal. Birds from EC Asia (Altai Mts E to Transbaikalia) sometimes recognized as baicalensis. Proposed races meridionalis (described from Austrian Alps) and orientalis (from Han Abdiposa, in Macedonia) merged with aquaticus, and amphitryon (from N Turkey) with caucasicus. Form described as sordidus is a dark morph of leucogaste.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Sturnus cinclus Linnaeus, 1758, Europe = Sweden.
Closest to C. pallasii. Subspecific taxonomy in need of revision, especially since data from cytochrome b sequences conflict with presumed distributions of races in W Palearctic. Much variation probably clinal. Birds from EC Asia (Altai Mts E to Transbaikalia) sometimes recognized as baicalensis. Proposed races meridionalis (described from Austrian Alps) and orientalis (from Han Abdiposa, in Macedonia) merged with aquaticus, and amphitryon (from N Turkey) with caucasicus. Form described as sordidus is a dark morph of leucogaster. Cyprus race olympicus extinct. Twelve extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • hibernicus Hartert, 1910 - W Scotland (including Inner Hebrides) and Ireland.
  • gularis ( Latham, 1801) - Scotland (except W), N, C & W England and Wales.
  • cinclus ( Linnaeus, 1758) - Scandinavia E to NW Russia (E to R Pechora), also C & SW France, NW Iberia, Corsica and Sardinia.

     See all 12 subspecies
  • hibernicus Hartert, 1910 - W Scotland (including Inner Hebrides) and Ireland.
  • gularis ( Latham, 1801) - Scotland (except W), N, C & W England and Wales.
  • cinclus ( Linnaeus, 1758) - Scandinavia E to NW Russia (E to R Pechora), also C & SW France, NW Iberia, Corsica and Sardinia.
  • aquaticus Bechstein, 1796 - C & S Europe (Belgium and E France S to E & S Iberia, Italy, Sicily and Greece).
  • uralensis Serebrovski, 1927 - Ural Mts (W Russia).
  • minor Tristram, 1870 - NW Africa.
  • caucasicus Madarász, 1903 - Turkey, Caucasus, N Iraq and N Iran.
  • persicus Witherby, 1906 - SW Iran (Zagros Mts).
  • rufiventris Tristram, 1884 - Lebanon and W Syria.
  • leucogaster Bonaparte, 1850 - SC Russia (Altai Mts E to Transbaikalia) S to N Afghanistan, NW Pakistan, NW China (Tien Shan, W Kunlun Shan) and Mongolia.
  • cashmeriensis Gould, 1860 - N side of W & C Himalayas from N Pakistan E to Sikkim.
  • przewalskii Bianchi, 1900 - N Bhutan and C China (S Gansu and NW Sichuan S to SE & E Xizang).