Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora) - HBW 5, p. 554

French: Colibri jacobin German: Weißnackenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí Nuquiblanco
Other common names: (Great) Jacobin/White-bellied(!)/Collared Hummingbird

Taxonomy: Trochilus mellivorus Linnaeus, 1758, India; error = Surinam.
Over the wide continental range of this species several races have been named, but all are now lumped into nominate; only birds on Tobago, distinguishable by larger size, are generally separated, although some birds from Santa Marta Mts (NE Colombia) are apparently as large. For this race the name tobagensis is a frequently used synonym. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • mellivora (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Mexico to Panama and Colombia, S to W Ecuador, SE Peru and N Bolivia, and E to Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil.
  • flabellifera (Gould, 1846) - Tobago.