Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

White-eyed Antwren (Myrmotherula leucophthalma) - HBW 8, p. 585

French: Myrmidon aux yeux blancs German: Olivbrauner Ameisenschlüpfer Spanish: Hormiguerito Ojiblanco

Taxonomy: Formicivora leucophthalma Pelzeln, 1868, Salto do Girão = Salto do Jirau, Rondônia, Brazil.
Genetic, morphological and behavioural analyses indicate that this species is part of a monophyletic group that also includes M. gutturalis, M. fulviventris, M. spodionota, M. haematonota, M. fjeldsaai, M. ornata and M. erythrura (the “stipple-throated antwren assemblage”), and which may not be closely related to other species placed in the genus. With exception of distinctive race phaeonota, morphological distinctions among races are not clear, and ranges given below are tentative; further study needed. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • leucophthalma (Pelzeln, 1868) - E Peru (E of R Ucayali), W Brazil S of R Amazon (E to lower R Madeira and drainage of R Aripuanã) and NW & NE Bolivia (Pando, NE Santa Cruz).
  • dissita Bond, 1950 - SE Peru (Puno) and adjacent Bolivia (La Paz).
  • phaeonota Todd, 1927 - S Amazonian Brazil from lower R Madeira E to lower R Tapajós.
  • sordida Todd, 1927 - R Tapajós E to R Tocantins.