Woodswallows (Artamidae)

White-breasted Woodswallow (Artamus leucorynchus) - HBW 14, p. 305

French: Langrayen à ventre blanc German: Weißbauch-Schwalbenstar Spanish: Artamo Ventriblanco
Other common names: White-breasted Swallow-shrike, White-rumped/Lesser/Ashy(!) Woodswallow

Taxonomy: Lanius leucoryn Linnaeus, 1771, Manila, Luzon, Philippines.
May belong to the superspecies that contains A. monachus, A. maximus and A. insignis, but sympatric with first of those in Sulawesi; replaced by A. maximus at higher elevations in New Guinea. Sometimes treated as conspecific with A. mentalis, but differs in plumage and voice. Proposed races celebensis (from Sulawesi) and longipennis (Peleng, off E Sulawesi) considered synonymous with albiventer. Geographical variation uncertain and validity of some races questionable; reassessment of races required. Original spelling of species name has .. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Lanius leucoryn Linnaeus, 1771, Manila, Luzon, Philippines.
May belong to the superspecies that contains A. monachus, A. maximus and A. insignis, but sympatric with first of those in Sulawesi; replaced by A. maximus at higher elevations in New Guinea. Sometimes treated as conspecific with A. mentalis, but differs in plumage and voice. Proposed races celebensis (from Sulawesi) and longipennis (Peleng, off E Sulawesi) considered synonymous with albiventer. Geographical variation uncertain and validity of some races questionable; reassessment of races required. Original spelling of species name has almost never been used; current spelling is valid under the Code, due to prevailing usage; sometimes spelt leucorhynchus, which becomes an unjustified emendation. Nine subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • humei Stresemann, 1913 - Coco Is (N of Andamans) and Andaman Is.
  • leucorynchus ( Linnaeus, 1771) - Philippines, Sulu Is, Natuna Is, and Borneo (including islands off N coast and Maratua, off E coast).
  • pelewensis Finsch, 1876 - Palau Is, W of Micronesia.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • humei Stresemann, 1913 - Coco Is (N of Andamans) and Andaman Is.
  • leucorynchus ( Linnaeus, 1771) - Philippines, Sulu Is, Natuna Is, and Borneo (including islands off N coast and Maratua, off E coast).
  • pelewensis Finsch, 1876 - Palau Is, W of Micronesia.
  • amydrus Oberholser, 1917 - Sumatra, W Peninsular Malaysia, Bangka I, Java, Masalembu Besar (in E Java Sea), Kangean Is, and Bali.
  • albiventer ( Lesson, 1831) - Sulawesi and Lesser Sundas (Lombok to Timor and Wetar).
  • musschenbroeki A. B. Meyer, 1884 - Babar and Tanimbar Is, in E Lesser Sundas.
  • leucopygialis Gould, 1842 - Moluccas, New Guinea, Aru Is and N & E Australia.
  • tenuis Mayr, 1943 - Banks Is and Vanuatu.
  • melaleucus (Wagler, 1827) - New Caledonia and Loyalty Is.