Woodpeckers (Picidae)

White-bellied Woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis) - HBW 7, p. 527

French: Pic à ventre blanche German: Weißbauchspecht Spanish: Picamaderos Ventriblanco
Other common names: Great Black/White-bellied Black Woodpecker; Indian Great Black Woodpecker (hodgsonii)

Taxonomy: Picus Javensis Horsfield, 1821, Java.
Forms a superspecies with D. hodgei, and sometimes considered conspecific. Proposed race buettikoferi (Nias I) appears indistinguishable from nominate; esthloterus (N Luzon, in Philippines), supposedly with thinner bill and less white on head, is not safely separable from confusus. Race philippinensis frequently misspelt “philippensis”. Fourteen subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • hodgsonii (Jerdon, 1840) - peninsular India in Western Ghats, S Madhya Pradesh, and Orissa to N Andhra Pradesh.
  • forresti Rothschild, 1922 - montane N Myanmar and adjacent SW China (SW Sichuan, NW & S Yunnan).
  • richardsi Tristram, 1879 - Korea; extinct on Tsushima I (Japan).

     See all 14 subspecies
  • hodgsonii (Jerdon, 1840) - peninsular India in Western Ghats, S Madhya Pradesh, and Orissa to N Andhra Pradesh.
  • forresti Rothschild, 1922 - montane N Myanmar and adjacent SW China (SW Sichuan, NW & S Yunnan).
  • richardsi Tristram, 1879 - Korea; extinct on Tsushima I (Japan).
  • feddeni (Blyth, 1863) - Myanmar (except N), most of Thailand, and Indochina.
  • javensis (Horsfield, 1821) - S Thailand S to Sumatra and Nias I, Java, Bali, and Borneo and associated islands, including N Natunas.
  • parvus (Richmond, 1902) - Simeulue I (off NW Sumatra).
  • confusus (Stresemann, 1913) - Luzon (N Philippines).
  • mindorensis (Steere, 1890) - Mindoro.
  • hargitti (Sharpe, 1884) - Palawan.
  • philippinensis (Steere, 1890) - Panay, Masbate, Guimaras, Negros.
  • cebuensis Kennedy, 1987 - Cebu (probably extinct).
  • pectoralis (Tweeddale, 1878) - Samar, Calicoan, Leyte, Panaon, Bohol.
  • multilunatus (McGregor, 1907) - Basilan, Dinagat, Mindanao.
  • suluensis (W. Blasius, 1890) - Sulu Is.