Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus) - HBW 5, p. 349

French: Engoulevent bois-pourri German: Schwarzkehl-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras Cuerporruín
Other common names: Northern Whip-poor-will (vociferus); Mexican Whip-poor-will (arizonae group)

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus vociferus Wilson, 1812, Pennsylvania.
May form superspecies with C. noctitherus, with which formerly considered conspecific. Differences in vocalizations suggest that Central American races may be better split from nominate, as C. arizonae. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • vociferus Wilson, 1812 - SC & SE Canada and EC & E USA; winters from SC & SE USA through Central America.
  • arizonae (Brewster, 1881) - SW USA S to C Mexico; winters in C Mexico.
  • setosus van Rossem, 1934 - E Mexico.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • vociferus Wilson, 1812 - SC & SE Canada and EC & E USA; winters from SC & SE USA through Central America.
  • arizonae (Brewster, 1881) - SW USA S to C Mexico; winters in C Mexico.
  • setosus van Rossem, 1934 - E Mexico.
  • oaxacae (Nelson, 1900) - SW Mexico.
  • chiapensis (Nelson, 1900) - SE Mexico and highlands of Guatemala.
  • vermiculatus (Dickey & van Rossem, 1928) - highlands of Honduras and El Salvador.