Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Western Long-tailed Hermit (Phaethornis longirostris) - HBW 5, p. 540

French: Ermite à longue queue German: Westlicher Langschwanz-Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño Colilargo Norteño
Other common names: Long-billed Hermit; Jalisco Hermit (griseoventer); Mexican/Hartert’s Hermit (mexicanus); Long-tailed Hermit (longirostris)

Taxonomy: Ornismya longirostris DeLattre, 1843, Guatemala.
Often considered conspecific with P. superciliosus, but with disjunct distributions the two are probably better treated as forming a superspecies. Some forms currently listed as races are well differentiated, and future studies may result in specific separation of griseoventer, mexicanus and baroni; indeed, mexicanus (incorporating griseoventer) has been recognized by some. Proposed races veraecrucis of S Mexico and cassinii from Panama and NW Colombia are inseparable from longirostris and cephalus respectively. Six subspec.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Ornismya longirostris DeLattre, 1843, Guatemala.
Often considered conspecific with P. superciliosus, but with disjunct distributions the two are probably better treated as forming a superspecies. Some forms currently listed as races are well differentiated, and future studies may result in specific separation of griseoventer, mexicanus and baroni; indeed, mexicanus (incorporating griseoventer) has been recognized by some. Proposed races veraecrucis of S Mexico and cassinii from Panama and NW Colombia are inseparable from longirostris and cephalus respectively. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • griseoventer Phillips, 1962 - W Mexico (Nayarit to Colima).
  • mexicanus Hartert, 1897 - SW Mexico (W Guerrero to SE Oaxaca).
  • longirostris (DeLattre, 1843) - S Mexico (N Oaxaca) to N Honduras.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • griseoventer Phillips, 1962 - W Mexico (Nayarit to Colima).
  • mexicanus Hartert, 1897 - SW Mexico (W Guerrero to SE Oaxaca).
  • longirostris (DeLattre, 1843) - S Mexico (N Oaxaca) to N Honduras.
  • cephalus (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) - E Honduras to NW Colombia.
  • sussurus Bangs, 1901 - N Colombia (Santa Marta Mts).
  • baroni Hartert, 1897 - W Ecuador and NW Peru.