Woodpeckers (Picidae)

West Indian Woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris) - HBW 7, p. 449

French: Pic à sourcils noirs German: Bahamaspecht Spanish: Carpintero Antillano
Other common names: Great/West Indian Red-bellied Woodpecker; Bahama Woodpecker (nyeanus, blakei); Cayman Woodpecker (caymanensis); Cuban Red-bellied Woodpecker (superciliaris)

Taxonomy: Picus superciliaris Temminck, 1827, Cuba.
Sometimes combined with other barred congeners in a separate genus Centurus. Forms a superspecies with M. carolinus. Birds on Grand Bahama sometimes separated as race bahamensis: on average marginally shorter-billed, slightly darker below and tending to show slightly more black behind eye, but otherwise identical to San Salvador race nyeanus, which is itself somewhat variable, so the two are more appropriately lumped. Race caymanensis formerly considered a separate species. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • nyeanus (Ridgway, 1886) - Grand Bahama and San Salvador (N & E Bahamas).
  • blakei (Ridgway, 1886) - Great Abaco (N Bahamas).
  • superciliaris (Temminck, 1827) - Cuba, Cantiles Keys and associated keys.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • nyeanus (Ridgway, 1886) - Grand Bahama and San Salvador (N & E Bahamas).
  • blakei (Ridgway, 1886) - Great Abaco (N Bahamas).
  • superciliaris (Temminck, 1827) - Cuba, Cantiles Keys and associated keys.
  • murceus (Bangs, 1910) - I of Pines, Cayo Largo and Cayo Real.
  • caymanensis (Cory, 1886) - Grand Cayman.