Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Volcano Hummingbird (Selasphorus flammula) - HBW 5, p. 678

French: Colibri flammule German: Vulkanelfe Spanish: Colibrí Volcanero
Other common names: Cerise-throated Woodstar/Hummingbird (simoni); Rose-throated Woodstar/Hummingbird (flammula); Heliotrope-throated Hummingbird (torridus)

Taxonomy: Selasphorus flammula Salvin, 1865, Volcán de Irazú, Costa Rica.
Nominate and race torridus have often been considered colour morphs of a single, variable taxon; alternatively, each has been treated as separate species; race simoni has been treated either as a separate species or as a race of S. ardens. Based on morphology, behaviour and breeding distributions, the three forms are best considered races of a single species; variation in gorget colour complicated and at present still imperfectly known, with some differences apparently being age-related. “S. underwoodii” is a hybrid between nominate race and S. scintilla.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Selasphorus flammula Salvin, 1865, Volcán de Irazú, Costa Rica.
Nominate and race torridus have often been considered colour morphs of a single, variable taxon; alternatively, each has been treated as separate species; race simoni has been treated either as a separate species or as a race of S. ardens. Based on morphology, behaviour and breeding distributions, the three forms are best considered races of a single species; variation in gorget colour complicated and at present still imperfectly known, with some differences apparently being age-related. “S. underwoodii” is a hybrid between nominate race and S. scintilla. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • simoni Carriker, 1910 - C Costa Rica (Volcanes Poás and Barba).
  • flammula Salvin, 1865 - C Costa Rica (Volcanes Irazú and Turrialba).
  • torridus Salvin, 1870 - S Costa Rica (Cordillera de Talamanca) and extreme W Panama.