Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Violet-throated Starfrontlet (Coeligena violifer) - HBW 5, p. 631

French: Inca violifère German: Veilchenkehl-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca Gorgimorado

Taxonomy: Trochilus (——?) violifer Gould, 1846, Sandillani Road, Yungas, Bolivia.
Probably forms superspecies with C. eos, C. bonapartei, C. helianthea and C. lutetiae. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • dichroura (Taczanowski, 1874) - S Ecuador (Loja) and E Andes of N & C Peru; relict population in W Peru (Lima).
  • albicaudata Schuchmann & Züchner, 1997 - Apurímac region (S Peru).
  • osculans (Gould, 1871) - E Andes of SE Peru (SE of Urubamba).
  • violifer (Gould, 1846) - E Andes of NW Bolivia.

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