Finches (Fringillidae)

Two-barred Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) - HBW 15, p. 604

French: Bec-croisé bifascié German: Bindenkreuzschnabel Spanish: Piquituerto Aliblanco
Other common names: White-winged Crossbill

Taxonomy: Loxia leucoptera J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Hudson Bay, Canada, and New York, USA.
Previously treated as conspecific with L. megaplaga, but differs in plumage details; recent genetic analysis indicates that the two are better treated as separate species. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • bifasciata ( C. L. Brehm, 1827) - E Finland, NW & N Russia (Kola Peninsula E in broad band through Siberia to Sea of Okhotsk, S to C Urals, L Baikal area, Yablonovy Mts and W Amurland), probably also extreme NE China (N Heilongjiang); winters also S to NE Europe (irregular), NE China (Liaoning & Hebei) and S Siberia.
  • leucoptera J. F. Gmelin, 1789 - Alaska and C & S Canada E to C & E Quebec, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, S in USA to N Washington, N Wisconsin and S Maine; in winter also S to S Minnesota, N Ohio, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.