Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Turquoise Tanager (Tangara mexicana) - HBW 16, p. 213

French: Calliste diable-enrhumé German: Türkistangare Spanish: Tangara Turquesa
Other common names: White-bellied Tanager (brasiliensis)

Taxonomy: Tanagra mexicana Linnaeus, 1766, Cayenne, French Guiana.
Based on genetic data this species is sister to T. inornata. Race brasiliensis, long regarded as a separate species because of its larger size, paler plumage and geographical isolation, has more recently been treated as a race of present species, but status merits further consideration. Proposed race lateralis (described from Apacy, on R Tapajós) is now generally considered an intergrade between nominate and boliviana; further study required. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • vieilloti (P. L. Sclater, 1857) - Trinidad.
  • media (Berlepsch & E. J. O. Hartert, 1902) - E Colombia (Vichada) and NE & S Venezuela (Monagas, Sucre Delta Amacuro and, S of R Orinoco, Amazonas and Bolívar).
  • mexicana (Linnaeus, 1766) - the Guianas and Brazil (E to E Pará and S to C Mato Grosso).

     See all 5 subspecies
  • vieilloti (P. L. Sclater, 1857) - Trinidad.
  • media (Berlepsch & E. J. O. Hartert, 1902) - E Colombia (Vichada) and NE & S Venezuela (Monagas, Sucre Delta Amacuro and, S of R Orinoco, Amazonas and Bolívar).
  • mexicana (Linnaeus, 1766) - the Guianas and Brazil (E to E Pará and S to C Mato Grosso).
  • boliviana (Bonaparte, 1851) - E Colombia (from W Meta and R Guaviare) E through Amazonian Brazil to Pará, W Goiás and C Mato Grosso, S through E Ecuador and E Peru to N & NE Bolivia (Santa Cruz).
  • brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1766) - coastal SE Brazil (S Bahia S to Rio de Janeiro).