Bush-shrikes (Malaconotidae)

Tropical Boubou (Laniarius aethiopicus) - HBW 14, p. 105

French: Gonolek d'Abyssinie German: Boubouwürger Spanish: Bubú Abisinio
Other common names: Tropical Bush-shrike, Ethiopian Boubou/Bush-shrike/Bellshrike, Bell Shrike, Boubou Shrike

Taxonomy: Turdus aethiopicus J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Ethiopia.
Forms a superspecies with L. turatii and closely allied also with L. ferrugineus, L. sublacteus and L. bicolor, the five previously treated as a superspecies and sometimes even as a single species. Until recently, L. erlangeri and L. sublacteus were included as races of present species. Where present species and L. ferrugineus meet, in R Limpopo valley (in N South Africa and Mozambique), their races are very similar and may hybridize and intergrade; but along R Runde, in Zimbabwe, race limpopoensis of present species overlaps with.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Turdus aethiopicus J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Ethiopia.
Forms a superspecies with L. turatii and closely allied also with L. ferrugineus, L. sublacteus and L. bicolor, the five previously treated as a superspecies and sometimes even as a single species. Until recently, L. erlangeri and L. sublacteus were included as races of present species. Where present species and L. ferrugineus meet, in R Limpopo valley (in N South Africa and Mozambique), their races are very similar and may hybridize and intergrade; but along R Runde, in Zimbabwe, race limpopoensis of present species overlaps with smaller race savensis of L. ferrugineus without interbreeding. Population on plateau of WC Angola, having especially white underparts, may represent an undescribed taxon. Race major intergrades with mossambicus in N Zambia and extreme N Malawi. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • major ( Hartlaub, 1848) - W Senegal (Casamance), N, SW & SE Guinea, NE Sierra Leone, NW Liberia, S Mali (Baoulé-Sud, Farako), C Ivory Coast, NE, C & S Ghana, Togo, Benin (S from Bétérou), C & S Nigeria, C & E Cameroon, S Chad and SW & C Central African Republic E to S Sudan, Uganda, Kenya (E to Rift Valley), Tanzania (E in N to Loliondo and Essimingor, in S to Njombe and Mahenge), N, E & SE DRCongo and R Congo (from Lukolela S to Kinshasa), C & E Angola, NW & N Zambia and extreme N Malawi.
  • aethiopicus ( J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - E borders of Sudan, and Eritrea, Ethiopia, NW Somalia and N Kenya (Moyale area).
  • ambiguus Madarász, 1904 - highlands E of Rift Valley in Kenya (S from Mt Kulal and Mt Marsabit) and NE Tanzania (S to Mt Meru and Mt Kilimanjaro and Arusha and Moshi).

     See all 5 subspecies
  • major ( Hartlaub, 1848) - W Senegal (Casamance), N, SW & SE Guinea, NE Sierra Leone, NW Liberia, S Mali (Baoulé-Sud, Farako), C Ivory Coast, NE, C & S Ghana, Togo, Benin (S from Bétérou), C & S Nigeria, C & E Cameroon, S Chad and SW & C Central African Republic E to S Sudan, Uganda, Kenya (E to Rift Valley), Tanzania (E in N to Loliondo and Essimingor, in S to Njombe and Mahenge), N, E & SE DRCongo and R Congo (from Lukolela S to Kinshasa), C & E Angola, NW & N Zambia and extreme N Malawi.
  • aethiopicus ( J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - E borders of Sudan, and Eritrea, Ethiopia, NW Somalia and N Kenya (Moyale area).
  • ambiguus Madarász, 1904 - highlands E of Rift Valley in Kenya (S from Mt Kulal and Mt Marsabit) and NE Tanzania (S to Mt Meru and Mt Kilimanjaro and Arusha and Moshi).
  • mossambicus ( G. A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1880) - Zambia and Malawi, extreme NE Namibia (Caprivi Strip), N & E Botswana, Zimbabwe (except SE lowveld) and Mozambique.
  • limpopoensis Roberts, 1922 - SE Zimbabwe (area bordered by Sabi, Runde and Limpopo rivers) and extreme N South Africa (N Limpopo Province).