Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis) - HBW 9, p. 765

French: Pipit des arbres German: Baumpieper Spanish: Bisbita Arbóreo
Other common names: Brown Tree Pipit, Eurasian Tree Pipit

Taxonomy: Alauda trivialis Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Appears to be very closely related to A. hodgsoni. E populations, slightly larger in size and paler in colour, with larger chest streaks and less pointed wing than nominate, sometimes treated as race sibiricus, but variation evidently clinal; similarly, proposed races salomonseni (from Scotland) and differens (NE Turkey) included in nominate; described race burzil (Kashmir) considered indistinguishable from haringtoni. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • trivialis (Linnaeus, 1758) - breeds from N & W Europe (except Iceland and Ireland) E to LBaikal and middle R Aldan (possibly to upper R Kolyma) and, in S, from N Mediterranean and N Turkey E to Transcaucasus and N Iran; winters in sub-Saharan Africa and in India.
  • schlueteri Kleinschmidt, 1920 - breeds in mountains from E Kazakhstan and NW China (Tarbagatay and Dzungharskiy Alatau) S to Tien Shan and E Afghanistan; winters in C India.
  • haringtoni Witherby, 1917 - breeds NW Himalayas (Kashmir E to Garhwal); winters in Indian Subcontinent.