Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Tit-hylia (Pholidornis rushiae) - HBW 13, p. 75

French: Mésangette rayée German: Strichelköpfchen Spanish: Pájaro-moscón Estriado
Other common names: (Tiny) Tit-weaver, Tiny Tit-warbler

Taxonomy: Diceum Rushiae Cassin, 1855, Moonda River, Gabon.
Relationships uncertain, and systematic history remarkable. Originally described as a flowerpecker (Dicaeidae), it has since been placed at different times with the sunbirds (Nectariniidae), the waxbills (Estrildidae), the Old World warblers (Sylviidae), the tits and chickadees (Paridae), alongside the unrelated Green Hylia (Hylia prasina) in a new family Hyliidae, and with the Australian honeyeaters (Meliphagidae). Placement in present family, on basis of assumed closer relations to genus Anthoscopus, provisional; fairly close similarities to other members in nest construction, .. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Diceum Rushiae Cassin, 1855, Moonda River, Gabon.
Relationships uncertain, and systematic history remarkable. Originally described as a flowerpecker (Dicaeidae), it has since been placed at different times with the sunbirds (Nectariniidae), the waxbills (Estrildidae), the Old World warblers (Sylviidae), the tits and chickadees (Paridae), alongside the unrelated Green Hylia (Hylia prasina) in a new family Hyliidae, and with the Australian honeyeaters (Meliphagidae). Placement in present family, on basis of assumed closer relations to genus Anthoscopus, provisional; fairly close similarities to other members in nest construction, roosting habits, vocalizations, juvenile plumage, general behaviour and basic appearance. Further research, especially DNA investigation, required. Birds of this species in SW Nigeria of uncertain race, provisionally included in ussheri. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ussheri Reichenow, 1905 - S Sierra Leone, SE Guinea, Liberia, S Ivory Coast, S Ghana, SW Togo and SW Nigeria.
  • rushiae Cassin, 1855 - SE Nigeria and W & C Cameroon, S to Gabon.
  • bedfordi Ogilvie-Grant, 1904 - Bioko I (Fernando Póo).
  • denti Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 - SE Cameroon, N & SW PRCongo, NW Angola, C & E DRCongo and W & E Uganda; single record from SC Central African Republic.

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