Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris) - HBW 9, p. 750

French: Pipit rousseline German: Brachpieper Spanish: Bisbita Campestre

Taxonomy: Alauda campestris Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Has sometimes been thought to form a superspecies with A. similis. In the past was sometimes treated as conspecific with A. godlewskii. Variation largely clinal, in N becoming smaller and paler from W to E, and in S becoming larger and greyer from NW Africa to Greece and then smaller and greyer E of there; naming of geographical races considered unwarranted by some taxonomists; alternatively, kastschenkoi included within nominate. Conversely, birds from N Iran and Turkey, intermediate in plumage between nominate and griseus but apparently larger than both, sometime.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Alauda campestris Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Has sometimes been thought to form a superspecies with A. similis. In the past was sometimes treated as conspecific with A. godlewskii. Variation largely clinal, in N becoming smaller and paler from W to E, and in S becoming larger and greyer from NW Africa to Greece and then smaller and greyer E of there; naming of geographical races considered unwarranted by some taxonomists; alternatively, kastschenkoi included within nominate. Conversely, birds from N Iran and Turkey, intermediate in plumage between nominate and griseus but apparently larger than both, sometimes separated as race boehmii. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • campestris (Linnaeus, 1758) - breeds from C & S Europe (Denmark and S Baltic S to Mediterranean countries) and NW Africa (Morocco E to Tunisia, possibly also SW Mauritania and NW Libya) E to SW Siberia and NW Kazakhstan and, in S, to N Iran and Turkmenistan; also locally in Middle East (Lebanon, S Syria, N Israel). Winters mainly in Africa and Arabia.
  • kastschenkoi H. C. Johansen, 1952 - S Siberia E to NW Mongolia; winters in S Asia.
  • griseus Nicoll, 1920 - SW Kazakhstan S to NE Iran and N Afghanistan, E to Dzhungarskiy Alatau Mts, extreme NW China (Tien Shan, in N Xinjiang) and SC Mongolia; winters in SW & S Asia.