Swallow Tanager (Tersina viridis) - HBW 16, p. 242
French: Tersine hirondelle
Spanish: Tangara Golondrina
Taxonomy: Hirundo viridis Illiger, 1811, Sandwich Island; error = eastern Brazil.
This species has in the past been placed in its own family, Tersinidae, and in a subfamily Tersininae of present family. Molecular-genetic data indicate that it is embedded within present family, and forms a monophyletic group with Dacnis and Cyanerpes; all three genera have sexually dimorphic plumage, but present genus differs in broad flat bill, skeletal elements of palate and tongue, long wing, hole-nesting behaviour, and migratory habits. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- grisescens Griscom, 1929 - Santa Marta Mts, in N Colombia.
- occidentalis (P. L. Sclater, 1855) - E Panama (Darién), Colombia (except Santa Marta Mts), N Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas, W & E Ecuador, N & E Peru, N & W Brazil, NW & E Bolivia (except extreme SE) and NW Argentina.
- viridis (Illiger, 1811) - E & S Brazil (from Pernambuco, Bahia, Goiás and S Mato Grosso S to Rio Grande do Sul), NE Bolivia, Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 24 videos
A male looking for food on the ground Locality Cana Field Station, Darién National Park, Darién Province, Panama (ssp occidentalis)
Eldert Groenewoud 9 May 2010 1 year ago 37 sec 4.6
A side and lateral view of a male bird perched. Locality Tarapoto Tunnel, Tarapoto, San Martín Department, Peru (ssp occidentalis)
Yoel Jimenez 4 December 2012 41 weeks ago 26 sec 4.5
a male close to the nest near Rancho Grande biological station Locality Henri Pittier National Park, Aragua State, Venezuela
DAVID ASCANIO 17 May 2010 4 years ago 32 sec 4.4
Females looking for food on the ground Locality Cana Field Station, Darién National Park, Darién Province, Panama (ssp occidentalis)
Eldert Groenewoud 9 May 2010 1 year ago 29 sec 4.4
A male high in a tree and flying away Locality Rio Roosevelt, Amazonas State, Brazil (ssp occidentalis)
Josep del Hoyo 12 July 2007 7 years ago 19 sec 4.3
male perching in Cecropia tree and tries to swallow a big fruit Locality Rancho Grande Biological Station, Rancho Grande Mountain, Maracay-Ocumare Road, Henri Pittier National Park, Aragua State, Venezuela (ssp occidentalis)
Thore Noernberg 16 April 2014 47 weeks ago 12 sec 4.3
PhotosSee all 43 photos
Locality Itariri, São Paulo State, Brazil
Lindolfo Souto 3 November 2012 13 weeks ago 4.7
Locality Itariri, São Paulo State, Brazil (ssp viridis)
Lindolfo Souto 3 November 2012 2 years ago 4.6
A female collecting moss on a trunk.
Locality Lindóia, Amazonas State, Brazil (ssp viridis)
Geiser Pereira Trivelato 2 years ago 4.4
Male feeding female.
Locality Minas Gerais State, Brazil (ssp viridis)
Deusdete Braga de Pinho 15 September 2009 41 weeks ago 4.3
A female in the morning light
Locality Minca, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Magdalena Department, Colombia (ssp grisescens)
Frederic Pelsy 22 February 2014 42 weeks ago 4.3
Swallow Tanager lateral view
Locality La Azulita, Mérida State, Venezuela
Luis R Figueroa 24 March 2013 1 year ago 4.3
An immature bird calling. Locality Estancia Apa Apa, La Paz Department, Bolivia
Josep del Hoyo 25 August 2005 2 years ago 4
calls of a pair while perched Locality Mashpi Rainforest Biodiversity Reserve, La Delicia, Pichincha Province, Ecuador
Dusan M. Brinkhuizen 10 December 2009 5 years ago 4