Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea) - HBW 12, p. 750

French: Mésange sultane German: Sultansmeise Spanish: Carbonero Sultán

Taxonomy: Parus sultaneus Hodgson, 1837, Nepal.
Relationships uncertain; possibly closest to Sylviparus. With exception of isolated race gayeti, races intergrade widely. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • sultanea (Hodgson, 1837) - E Himalayas from C Nepal to NE India (Arunachal Pradesh S to Manipur and Mizoram), Myanmar, N Thailand and S China (W & S Yunnan).
  • flavocristata (Lafresnaye, 1837) - C & S Thailand, Malay Peninsula and SE China (Hainan I); possibly also Sumatra.
  • seorsa Bangs, 1924 - N Indochina (S to C Laos) and SE China (Guangxi, Fujian).
  • gayeti Delacour & Jabouille, 1925 - SC Vietnam (C Annam).