Thick-knees (Burhinidae)

Stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus) - HBW 3, p. 361

French: Oedicnème criard German: Triel Spanish: Alcaraván Común
Other common names: (Northern/European) Stone-curlew, Common/Northern/Stone Thick-knee

Taxonomy: Charadrius Oedicnemus Linnaeus, 1758, England.
Non-parallel clines in size and coloration confuse subspecific definition (see page 350) and several other races proposed; possible races jordansi of Balearic Is and astutus of Afghanistan and Persian Gulf normally included within nominate race and race saharae respectively. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • distinctus (Bannerman, 1914) - W Canary Is.
  • insularum (Sassi, 1908) - E Canary Is.
  • saharae (Reichenow, 1894) - N Africa, Mediterranean islands, Greece and Turkey to Middle East, E to Iraq and Iran.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • distinctus (Bannerman, 1914) - W Canary Is.
  • insularum (Sassi, 1908) - E Canary Is.
  • saharae (Reichenow, 1894) - N Africa, Mediterranean islands, Greece and Turkey to Middle East, E to Iraq and Iran.
  • oedicnemus (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Britain and Iberia E to N Balkans and Ukraine and Caucasus.
  • harterti Vaurie, 1963 - R Volga area E through Transcaspia and Turkestan to Zaysan basin, and S through C Iran to Pakistan and extreme NW India.
  • indicus (Salvadori, 1865) - India and Sri Lanka E to Indochina.