Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Spot-backed Antbird (Hylophylax naevius) - HBW 8, p. 667

French: Fourmilier tacheté German: Ockerflecken-Ameisenwächter Spanish: Hormiguero Dorsipunteado

Taxonomy: Pipra nævia J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Cayenne, French Guiana.
Close relationship with H. naevioides and H. punctulatus suggested by morphology, vocalizations and nest architecture. Listed races and distributions tentative, reflecting current knowledge of plumage and vocalizations; possibly represent more than one species; taxonomic study currently being undertaken. Other described races are consobrinus (S Venezuela, NW Brazil) and obscurus (N Brazil), both considered inseparable from nominate. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • naevius (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - S Venezuela (S Bolívar, Amazonas), the Guianas, SE Colombia (S from Meta and Vaupés), extreme NE Ecuador and N Peru (N of R Napo), and Brazil N of R Amazon.
  • theresae (Des Murs, 1856) - S of R Napo in E Ecuador and lowland NE Peru (Loreto), and SW & SC Amazonian Brazil (E to R Tapajós, S to S Amazonas and Rondônia).
  • peruvianus Carriker, 1932 - N Peru foothills (Amazonas, San Martín).

     See all 5 subspecies
  • naevius (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - S Venezuela (S Bolívar, Amazonas), the Guianas, SE Colombia (S from Meta and Vaupés), extreme NE Ecuador and N Peru (N of R Napo), and Brazil N of R Amazon.
  • theresae (Des Murs, 1856) - S of R Napo in E Ecuador and lowland NE Peru (Loreto), and SW & SC Amazonian Brazil (E to R Tapajós, S to S Amazonas and Rondônia).
  • peruvianus Carriker, 1932 - N Peru foothills (Amazonas, San Martín).
  • inexpectatus Carriker, 1932 - EC & SE Peru (Ucayali S to Puno, possibly extending W to base of Andes in Huánuco and Junín), extreme SW Amazonian Brazil (Acre) and NW Bolivia (W Pando, La Paz and S Beni S to extreme SW Santa Cruz).
  • ochraceus (Berlepsch, 1912) - SE Amazonian Brazil (E from R Tapajós to R Tocantins, S to N Mato Grosso).