Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis) - HBW 9, p. 662
French: Hirondelle à gorge rousse
Spanish: Golondrina Gorgirrufa
Other common names: Rough-winged Swallow (when treated as conspecific with S. serripennis)
Taxonomy: Hirundo ruficollis Vieillot, 1817, Brazil.
Formerly considered conspecific with S. serripennis, and race decolor has been regarded as intermediate between the two species, but they are separated altitudinally where ranges overlap in Costa Rica. Present species sometimes treated as monotypic, as races intergrade, also depth of plumage colour varies clinally, becoming generally darker from N to S & E. Birds from Surinam named as race cacabata, but description believed to have been based on migrants of nominate race. Four subspecies usually recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- decolor Griscom, 1929 - W Costa Rica and W Panama.
- uropygialis (Lawrence, 1863) - Caribbean lowlands S from E Honduras, Pacific lowlands of E Panama, W Colombia, Ecuador and NW Peru.
- aequalis Bangs, 1901 - N Colombia, W Venezuela and Trinidad.
- ruficollis (Vieillot, 1817) - SE Colombia, E Venezuela, the Guianas and Brazil S to E Peru, Bolivia, N & NE Argentina (S to Salta, Formosa, Entre Ríos and N Buenos Aires) and Uruguay.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 16 videos
A bird preening in a small tree and flying to another one Locality Brasília National Park, Federal District, Brazil (ssp ruficollis)
Josep del Hoyo 27 June 2007 5 years ago 41 sec 4.8
A bird on a wire, calling twice, defecating and then flying away Locality Arrierito Antioqueño Natural Reserve, Anorí, Antioquía Department, Colombia (ssp aequalis)
Josep del Hoyo 11 February 2007 6 years ago 22 sec 4.6
A dorsal view of a bird perched Locality Canopy Lodge, El Valle de Antón, Coclé Province, Panama (ssp uropygialis)
Dave Jackson 10 April 2007 6 years ago 16 sec 4.5
Perching on a wire Locality Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil
Juan Sanabria 1 November 2011 1 year ago 36 sec 4.4
A bird perched on a twig and preening Locality Girardot, Cundinamarca Department, Colombia
Pere Sugranyes 10 July 2011 2 years ago 31 sec 4.4
A bird perched on a branch. Locality Satipo Road, Junín Department, Peru (ssp ruficollis)
Yoel Jimenez 7 November 2012 42 weeks ago 23 sec 4
PhotosSee all 27 photos
A bird perched a branch
Locality Hacienda Vegas de la Clara, Gómez Plata, Antioquía Department, Colombia
Juango8a 20 March 2011 52 weeks ago 4.3
Locality Caldas Department, Colombia
Daniel Avendaño 21 July 2013 3 weeks ago ADDED LAST MONTH 4.2
Perched in Maracas Valley.
Locality Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago (ssp aequalis)
fayardmohammed 7 March 2011 2 years ago 4
Locality Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil
Carlos Henrique 19 October 2008 3 years ago 3.9
Locality Rincón de Osa, Osa Peninsula, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica (ssp decolor)
auf 16 July 2005 3 years ago 3.9
A bird perched
Locality Urugua-í Provincial Park, Misiones Province, Argentina (ssp ruficollis)
Horacio Luna 2 November 2011 2 years ago 3.8
Band. Locality Minas Gerais State, Brazil
Noé Eiterer 10 November 2012 16 weeks ago 3
Two birds singing perched on a line of light. Locality Pedro Barros, Miracatú, São Paulo State, Brazil
Antonio Silveira 1 September 1999 1 year ago 0
Calls and song. Locality Perequê, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil
Jeremy Minns 25 October 2001 3 years ago 0