Smith's Longspur (Calcarius pictus) - HBW 16, p. 502
French: Plectrophane de Smith
Spanish: Escribano de Smith
Taxonomy: Emberiza (Plectrophanes) picta Swainson, 1832, Carlton House, on banks of the Saskatchewan River, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Molecular studies indicate that genus is basal to both the New World and the Old World emberizids, and closely related to Plectrophenax; has been suggested that these two genera and Rhynchophanes be placed in a separate family, Calcariidae. Monotypic.
Distribution: Breeds NE & EC Alaska and NC Canada from extreme N British Columbia E across N Yukon and N & EC Mackenzie to S Nunavut, NE Manitoba and extreme N Ontario. Winters in S USA from SC Kansas, Oklahoma and N Texas E to Arkansas (especially NW), W Tennessee, Mississippi and N Alabama (rare).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
A male calling repeatedly from the tundra on a windy day Locality Windy River, Nunavut, Canada (Monotypic species)
Robert Schaefer 4 July 2006 5 years ago 24 sec 4