Cotingas (Cotingidae)

Sharpbill (Oxyruncus cristatus) - HBW 9, p. 73

French: Oxyrhynque huppé German: Flammenkopfkotinga Spanish: Picoagudo

Taxonomy: Oxyrhyncus [sic] cristatus Swainson, 1821, Brazil.
Often placed in a separate, monotypic family Oxyruncidae or, sometimes, in Tyrannidae, but DNA-DNA hybridization data indicate that it is related to other cotingids. Race phelpsi and tocantinsi possibly indistinguishable from hypoglaucus. Species’ distribution extremely disjunct, perhaps relictual; individuals observed in NW Colombia, SE Ecuador, Peru, NW Bolivia and S & NE Brazil of uncertain racial identity, thought possibly to represent one or more undescribed races. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • frater (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868) - Costa Rica and W Panama (E to Veraguas).
  • brooksi Bangs & Barbour, 1922 - E Panama.
  • phelpsi Chapman, 1939 - mountains of S & SE Venezuela (except Mt Roraima) and adjacent parts of Brazil and Guyana.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • frater (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868) - Costa Rica and W Panama (E to Veraguas).
  • brooksi Bangs & Barbour, 1922 - E Panama.
  • phelpsi Chapman, 1939 - mountains of S & SE Venezuela (except Mt Roraima) and adjacent parts of Brazil and Guyana.
  • hypoglaucus (Salvin & Godman, 1883) - SE Venezuela (Mt Roraima), the Guianas and NE Brazil (Amapá).
  • tocantinsi Chapman, 1939 - S Pará (from E side of lower R Tocantins SW to Serra dos Carajás, on W side), in Brazil.
  • cristatus Swainson, 1821 - SE Brazil (S Goiás, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo S to Santa Catarina), E Paraguay and extreme NE Argentina (N Misiones).