Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Semi-collared Nighthawk (Lurocalis semitorquatus) - HBW 5, p. 333

French: Engoulevent à queue courte German: Bändernachtschwalbe Spanish: Añapero Colicorto
Other common names: Short-tailed Nighthawk; Chestnut-banded/Natterer’s Nighthawk (nattereri)

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus semitorquatus J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Cayenne.
Formerly considered conspecific with L. rufiventris, with which probably forms superspecies. Race nattereri often considered a separate species. Population on Trinidad requires further study to ascertain subspecific status. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • stonei Huber, 1923 - SE Mexico S through NE Guatemala and N Honduras to NE Nicaragua.
  • noctivagus Griswold, 1936 - Costa Rica and Panama S to coastal W Colombia and NW Ecuador.
  • semitorquatus (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - NE Colombia and W & S Venezuela E through the Guianas, and extreme NW Brazil; also (probably this race) Trinidad and Tobago.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • stonei Huber, 1923 - SE Mexico S through NE Guatemala and N Honduras to NE Nicaragua.
  • noctivagus Griswold, 1936 - Costa Rica and Panama S to coastal W Colombia and NW Ecuador.
  • semitorquatus (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - NE Colombia and W & S Venezuela E through the Guianas, and extreme NW Brazil; also (probably this race) Trinidad and Tobago.
  • schaeferi Phelps & Phelps, Jr., 1952 - N Venezuela.
  • nattereri (Temminck, 1822) - E Ecuador, N & E Peru and Brazil S of Amazon S to N Argentina.