Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Scissor-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis torquata) - HBW 5, p. 382

French: Engoulevent à queue en ciseaux German: Scherenschwanz-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras Tijereta

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus torquatus J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Brazil.
Species name has normally been given as brasiliana, but this name is based on a drawing and a written description, and is not clearly identifiable as present species, indeed some points would appear to preclude this; torquata, proposed by same author on the following page of the same publication, was consistently used in Brazilian literature until 1966, and should be reinstated. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • torquata (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - S Surinam, EC Peru and Brazil.
  • furcifera (Vieillot, 1817) - N & E Bolivia, S Brazil, Paraguay, N & C Argentina and Uruguay.