Cuckoo-shrikes (Campephagidae)

Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) - HBW 10, p. 118

French: Grand Minivet German: Scharlachmennigvogel Spanish: Minivet Escarlata
Other common names: Indian/Flame/Orange Minivet

Taxonomy: Muscicapa flammea Forster, 1781, no locality = Sri Lanka.
Geographical variation complex and inadequately described, with many intermediate populations in SE Asia; modern review desirable. Race speciosus sometimes regarded as a separate species, on basis of its deep scarlet colour; if such treatment adopted, fraterculus, andamanensis and semiruber could perhaps be included as races of it. Race nigroluteus originally named neglectus, but latter name invalid, because preoccupied. Birds on Bohol (Philippines) of unconfirmed racial identity, presumed to belong with leytensis. Populations now placed in rac.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Muscicapa flammea Forster, 1781, no locality = Sri Lanka.
Geographical variation complex and inadequately described, with many intermediate populations in SE Asia; modern review desirable. Race speciosus sometimes regarded as a separate species, on basis of its deep scarlet colour; if such treatment adopted, fraterculus, andamanensis and semiruber could perhaps be included as races of it. Race nigroluteus originally named neglectus, but latter name invalid, because preoccupied. Birds on Bohol (Philippines) of unconfirmed racial identity, presumed to belong with leytensis. Populations now placed in race fraterculus were previously listed as race elegans; however, type locality of elegans (Sadiya, in NE Assam) subsequently reckoned to fall within range of speciosus, making these two synonyms, and leaving fraterculus as the name for populations from S Assam to Hainan. Proposed race suchitrae (W & SW Myanmar E to C & S Indochina) considered indistinguishable from semiruber. Nineteen subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • speciosus (Latham, 1790) - Himalayas from Jammu and Kashmir E to S China (SE Xizang).
  • fraterculus Swinhoe, 1870 - NE India (hills of Assam S of R Brahmaputra), N Myanmar, S China (Yunnan, Hainan I) and N Indochina.
  • flammeus (J. R. Forster, 1781) - W & S India and Sri Lanka.

     See all 19 subspecies
  • speciosus (Latham, 1790) - Himalayas from Jammu and Kashmir E to S China (SE Xizang).
  • fraterculus Swinhoe, 1870 - NE India (hills of Assam S of R Brahmaputra), N Myanmar, S China (Yunnan, Hainan I) and N Indochina.
  • flammeus (J. R. Forster, 1781) - W & S India and Sri Lanka.
  • semiruber Whistler & Kinnear, 1933 - EC India, S Myanmar and Thailand (except C & S) E to C & S Indochina.
  • andamanensis Beavan, 1867 - Andaman Is.
  • fohkiensis Buturlin, 1910 - SE China (Guizhou E to Fujian, S to Guangxi and Guangdong).
  • flammifer Hume, 1875 - SE Myanmar, SW & S Thailand and N & E Peninsular Malaysia.
  • xanthogaster (Raffles, 1822) - W & S Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra (including E coast islands).
  • minythomelas Oberholser, 1912 - Simeulue I, off NW Sumatra.
  • modiglianii Salvadori, 1892 - Enggano I, off SW Sumatra.
  • insulanus Deignan, 1946 - Borneo.
  • siebersi Rensch, 1928 - Java and Bali.
  • exul Wallace, 1864 - Lombok (E of Bali).
  • novus McGregor, 1904 - N & C Philippines (Luzon, Negros).
  • leytensis Steere, 1890 - EC Philippines (Samar, Leyte, Bohol).
  • gonzalesi Ripley & Rabor, 1961 - S Philippines (N & E Mindanao).
  • nigroluteus Parkes, 1981 - SC Mindanao.
  • johnstoniae Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 - Mt Apo, in SE Mindanao.
  • marchesae Guillemard, 1885 - Sulu Archipelago (Jolo).