Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata) - HBW 15, p. 366

French: Capucin damier German: Muskatbronzemännchen Spanish: Capuchino Punteado
Other common names: Scaly-breasted/Nutmeg Mannikin/Finch, Spotted Munia/Mannikin, Barred Munia, Spice Finch/Bird/Mannikin, Ricebird

Taxonomy: Loxia punctulata Linnaeus, 1758, Asia = Calcutta, India.
Proposed races fortior (described from Lombok) and holmesi (from Semitau, in SW Borneo) are treated as synonyms of nisoria. Eleven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • punctulata ( Linnaeus, 1758) - N Pakistan, India (except NE), Nepal terai and Sri Lanka.
  • subundulata ( Godwin-Austen, 1874) - Bhutan, Bangladesh, NE India (Assam) and W Myanmar.
  • yunnanensis Parkes, 1958 - S China (SE Xizang, S Sichuan, Yunnan) and N & NE Myanmar.

     See all 11 subspecies
  • punctulata ( Linnaeus, 1758) - N Pakistan, India (except NE), Nepal terai and Sri Lanka.
  • subundulata ( Godwin-Austen, 1874) - Bhutan, Bangladesh, NE India (Assam) and W Myanmar.
  • yunnanensis Parkes, 1958 - S China (SE Xizang, S Sichuan, Yunnan) and N & NE Myanmar.
  • topela ( Swinhoe, 1863) - S Myanmar, Thailand, SE China, Hainan I, Taiwan, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
  • cabanisi ( Sharpe, 1890) - Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Calauit, Palawan, Panay, Negros, Cebu, Mindanao) and N Borneo (coastal W Sabah and Brunei).
  • fretensis ( Kloss, 1931) - S Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Sumatra and Nias I.
  • nisoria ( Temminck, 1830) - S Borneo (W & S Kalimantan), Java, Bali, and W Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa).
  • particeps ( Riley, 1920) - Sulawesi.
  • baweana Hoogerwerf, 1963 - Bawean I, off NE Java.
  • sumbae Mayr, 1944 - Sumba, in W Lesser Sundas.
  • blasii ( Stresemann, 1912) - C & E Lesser Sundas (Flores E to Timor and Tanimbar Is).