Larks (Alaudidae)

Sand Lark (Calandrella raytal) - HBW 9, p. 586

French: Alouette raytal German: Uferlerche Spanish: Terrera Raytal
Other common names: Asian/Indian Short-toed Lark, Indian Sand Lark, Raytal Lark

Taxonomy: Alauda raytal Blyth, 1845, Lucknow, India.
May form a superspecies with C. somalica and C. rufescens; has been treated as a race of latter, but differs in morphology, song and habitat choice. Named race vauriei, known only from type locality in NE India (Palasbari, in Assam), synonymized with nominate. Race adamsi intergrades with nominate in N India (Haryana). Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • adamsi (Hume, 1871) - SE Iran, Pakistan and NW India (Punjab, Haryana, NW Gujarat).
  • raytal (Blyth, 1845) - N India (E from Haryana to Arunachal Pradesh), Nepal, Bangladesh and C & S Myanmar.
  • krishnakumarsinhji Vaurie & Dharmakumarsinhji, 1954 - Bhavnagar, in S Gujarat (W India).