Saffron-cowled Blackbird (Xanthopsar flavus) - HBW 16, p. 799
French: Carouge safran
Spanish: Tordo Amarillo
Other common names: Saffron-crowned Blackbird; Yellow-throated Oriole (“xantholemus”)
Taxonomy: O.[riolus] flavus J. F. Gmelin, 1788, “in Antigua insulae Panay et America australi” = Río de la Plata, Argentina and Uruguay.
Genus sometimes subsumed in Agelaius. Molecular data indicate close affinity with Pseudoleistes and more distant relationship to Chrysomus, these findings supported by behavioural data. In morphology resembles more the last two genera, but with rather stout tarsometatarsus and thin bill. Form Icterus xantholemus, based on a single speciment from S Brazil but erroneously published as from Ecuador, has been shown to be a synonym of present species. Monotypic.
Distribution: SE Paraguay and SE Brazil (from Santa Catarina, rarely Paraná) S to NE Argentina (Corrientes and Entre Ríos) and Uruguay.
- Vulnerable Enlarge map
- 4.3 Male perched i... Argentina, Mar 2013 Silvia Vitale
- 4.1 Male perched i... Argentina, Mar 2013 Silvia Vitale
- 4 Male Uruguay, Oct 2012 Alvaro Riccetto
- 3.9 A male Uruguay, Oct 2011 Santiago Carvalho
- 3.8 female perched... Argentina, Mar 2013 Silvia Vitale
- 3.7 Macho perchand... Uruguay, Aug 2010 Santiago Carvalho
- 3.6 Individual adu... Brazil, Feb 2010 Bruno Salaroli
- 3.3 A male. Brazil, Nov 2012 Ken Havard
- 3 A female. Brazil, Nov 2012 Ken Havard
- 2.7 Dorsal view of... Uruguay, Apr 2012 Josep del Hoyo
- 1.7 A female at a ... Brazil, Apr 2008 Bradley Davis