Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Rufous Woodpecker (Celeus brachyurus) - HBW 7, p. 517

French: Pic brun German: Rötelspecht Spanish: Carpintero Rufo
Other common names: Brown Woodpecker

Taxonomy: Picus brachyurus Vieillot, 1818, Java.
Sometimes placed in a monospecific genus Micropternus. Taxonomic position uncertain; not very closely related to other, Neotropical species of present genus, and possibly closer to genus Picus; further study required. Considerable individual variation rendering racial delimitation difficult; proposed races badius (Sumatra) and celaenephis (Nias I) inseparable from continental squamigularis. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • humei (Kloss, 1918) - N India (Himachal Pradesh) E to to W Nepal.
  • jerdonii (Malherbe, 1849) - W India (S from S Gujarat) S to Sri Lanka.
  • phaioceps (Blyth, 1845) - C Nepal and E India E to SE Tibet, Myanmar and S China (W & S Yunnan) and S to S Thailand.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • humei (Kloss, 1918) - N India (Himachal Pradesh) E to to W Nepal.
  • jerdonii (Malherbe, 1849) - W India (S from S Gujarat) S to Sri Lanka.
  • phaioceps (Blyth, 1845) - C Nepal and E India E to SE Tibet, Myanmar and S China (W & S Yunnan) and S to S Thailand.
  • fokiensis (Swinhoe, 1863) - S & SE China and N Vietnam.
  • holroydi (Swinhoe, 1870) - Hainan.
  • annamensis (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) - Laos, Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • squamigularis (Sundevall, 1866) - S peninsular Thailand S to Sumatra, including offshore islands of Bangka, Belitung and Nias.
  • brachyurus (Vieillot, 1818) - Java.
  • badiosus (Bonaparte, 1850) - Borneo and N Natuna Is.