Jacamars (Galbulidae)

Rufous-tailed Jacamar (Galbula ruficauda) - HBW 7, p. 96

French: Jacamar à queue rousse German: Rotschwanz-Glanzvogel Spanish: Jacamará Colirrufo
Other common names: Black-chinned Jacamar (melanogenia); Rufous-and-green/Spot-tailed Jacamar (rufoviridis)

Taxonomy: Galbula ruficauda Cuvier, 1816, Guyana.
Forms a superspecies with G. galbula, G. pastazae, G. tombacea and G. cyanescens. Race rufoviridis (with heterogyna) geographically separated from other races by G. galbula, G. tombacea and G. cyanescens, and long regarded as a full species; given its phenotypic similarity to other forms of present species, however, probably best treated as conspecific, pending further research. Race melanogenia previously considered a separate species, but this treatment confounded by limited hybridization with nominate race around Gulf of .. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Galbula ruficauda Cuvier, 1816, Guyana.
Forms a superspecies with G. galbula, G. pastazae, G. tombacea and G. cyanescens. Race rufoviridis (with heterogyna) geographically separated from other races by G. galbula, G. tombacea and G. cyanescens, and long regarded as a full species; given its phenotypic similarity to other forms of present species, however, probably best treated as conspecific, pending further research. Race melanogenia previously considered a separate species, but this treatment confounded by limited hybridization with nominate race around Gulf of Urabá, NW Colombia; Ecuadorian and Colombian individuals tend towards smaller size and darker coloration, but differences considered insufficient for recognition of additional geographical races. Races heterogyna, pallens and brevirostris may form parts of clinal variation, as differences in coloration are minor. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • melanogenia P. L. Sclater, 1853 - E Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas) S to W Andes of Colombia and Ecuador.
  • pallens Bangs, 1898 - extreme N Colombia (Santa Marta, lower Magdalena Valley) and extreme NW Venezuela (Zulia).
  • brevirostris Cory, 1913 - N Colombia (Norte de Santander) and NW Venezuela (around head of L Maracaibo).

     See all 6 subspecies
  • melanogenia P. L. Sclater, 1853 - E Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas) S to W Andes of Colombia and Ecuador.
  • pallens Bangs, 1898 - extreme N Colombia (Santa Marta, lower Magdalena Valley) and extreme NW Venezuela (Zulia).
  • brevirostris Cory, 1913 - N Colombia (Norte de Santander) and NW Venezuela (around head of L Maracaibo).
  • ruficauda Cuvier, 1816 - C Colombia (Magdalena Valley N of Cauca, Arauca, Casanare), Venezuela (except NW & S), Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana (and very scarce E to coastal French Guiana), and N Brazil (upper R Branco, in Roraima).
  • rufoviridis Cabanis, 1851 - much of Brazil S of Amazon and E of R Madeira, and N Bolivia (Pando, La Paz); records from Paraguay and Argentina unconfirmed.
  • heterogyna Todd, 1932 - E Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz) and SC Brazil (W Mato Grosso).