Grouse (Tetraonidae)

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) - HBW 2, p. 407

French: Gélinotte huppée German: Kragenhuhn Spanish: Grévol Engolado

Taxonomy: Tetrao umbellus Linnaeus, 1766, Pennsylvania.
Only know to have hybridized, very rarely, with Falcipennis canadensis. Fourteen subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • yukonensis Grinnell, 1916 - W Alsaka and C Yukon to N Alberta and NW Saskatchewan.
  • umbelloides (Douglas, 1829) - N British Columbia through C Alberta, C Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario to Quebec.
  • labradorensis Ouellet, 1990 - Labrador Peninsula.

     See all 14 subspecies
  • yukonensis Grinnell, 1916 - W Alsaka and C Yukon to N Alberta and NW Saskatchewan.
  • umbelloides (Douglas, 1829) - N British Columbia through C Alberta, C Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario to Quebec.
  • labradorensis Ouellet, 1990 - Labrador Peninsula.
  • sabini (Douglas, 1829) - Pacific coast from SW British Columbia to NW California.
  • brunnescens Conover, 1935 - Vancouver I.
  • castanea Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 - Olympic Peninsula.
  • affinis Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 - inland British Columbia S to C Oregon.
  • phaia Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 - SE British Columbia to E Oregon and SC Idaho.
  • incana Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 - SE Idaho and W Wyoming S to C Utah.
  • mediana Todd, 1940 - Minnesota and S Wisconsin.
  • togata (Linnaeus, 1766) - S Ontario and S Quebec S to N Wisconsin, C Michigan and C New York.
  • thayeri Bangs, 1912 - Nova Scotia.
  • umbellus (Linnaeus, 1766) - C New York and C Massachusetts S to E Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
  • monticola Todd, 1940 - S Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania, through Appalachian Mts to N Georgia.
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