Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Ruddy Pigeon (Columba subvinacea) - HBW 4, p. 128

French: Pigeon vineux German: Purpurtaube Spanish: Paloma Vinosa
Other common names: Dusky Pigeon(!)

Taxonomy: Chloroenas subvinacea Lawrence, 1868, Dota, Costa Rica.
Forms a species group with C. plumbea, C. nigrirostris and C. goodsoni; all four small species have very similar songs distinct from other New World Columba; sometimes placed in a subgenus Oenoenas. Some taxonomic confusion with C. plumbea in past. Races berlepshi and purpureotincta have both been considered distinct species. Three further races (ruberrima, anolaimae, ogilviegranti) sometimes recognized for local populations in Colombia. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • subvinacea (Lawrence, 1868) - subtropical zone of Costa Rica and Panama.
  • berlepschi Hartert, 1898 - Pacific coast from SE Panama to SW Ecuador.
  • zuliae Cory, 1915 - NE Colombia and W Venezuela.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • subvinacea (Lawrence, 1868) - subtropical zone of Costa Rica and Panama.
  • berlepschi Hartert, 1898 - Pacific coast from SE Panama to SW Ecuador.
  • zuliae Cory, 1915 - NE Colombia and W Venezuela.
  • peninsularis Chapman, 1915 - Paria Peninsula, NE Venezuela.
  • purpureotincta Ridgway, 1888 - SE Colombia through S Venezuela to the Guianas.
  • bogotensis (Berlepsch & Leverkühn, 1890) - N end of W Andes of Colombia S to Amazonian Brazil and N & E Bolivia.