Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus) - HBW 3, p. 647
French: Sterne royale
Spanish: Charrán Real
Taxonomy: Sterna maxima Boddaert, 1783, Cayenne.
Genus often merged with Sterna. Sometimes considered to form superspecies with T. bergii. Racial variation questionable. Two subspecies normally recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- albididorsalis (Hartert, 1921) - Mauritania to Guinea, occasionally further S; winters S to Namibia.
- maximus (Boddaert, 1783) - S California to Sinaloa, and Maryland (rarely New Jersey) to Texas, and through West Indies to the Guianas and possibly Brazil, with disjunct breeding populations on Yucatán, and in S Brazil, Uruguay and N Patagonia; winters S to Peru and to Uruguay and Argentina.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 32 videos
a couple of nonbreeding adults on the beach Locality Santa Clara, Coclé Province, Panama
Thore Noernberg 15 January 2015 17 weeks ago 30 sec 4.7
A winter-plumaged adult standing on a beach, stretching its wings and flying away Locality Ventura County, California, USA (United States) (ssp maximus)
Don DesJardin 31 December 2007 7 years ago 32 sec 4.6
Resting. Locality Miami Beach, Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA (United States)
Eduardo Tejeda Lima 2 February 2014 1 year ago 25 sec 4.6
bird in the shore Locality La Libertad Department, Peru (ssp maximus)
Daniêl Jimenez 16 November 2012 2 years ago 30 sec 4.5
An individual stretching wings and then walking; finally standing still Locality Fort Lauderdale, Broward County, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp maximus)
Joe Angseesing 17 January 2009 5 years ago 36 sec 4.5
a nonbreeding adult on the beach Locality Santa Clara, Coclé Province, Panama
Thore Noernberg 15 January 2015 17 weeks ago 15 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 80 photos
Locality Paracas National Reserve, Ica Department, Peru
Lior Kislev 12 December 2009 3 years ago 4.7
Two birds on the seashore
Locality Tulum, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern)
Piotr Jonczyk 6 December 2007 5 years ago 4.5
Resting on the beach.
Locality Blind Pass, Captiva Island, Lee County, Florida, USA (United States)
firstname.lastname@example.org 30 January 2001 1 year ago 4.3
On the beach.
Locality Sanibel Island, Lee County, Florida, USA (United States)
email@example.com 2 February 2003 1 year ago 4.3
A bird sitting on a pole.
Locality Florida, USA (United States)
sophiebuck 11 December 2012 2 years ago 4.2
A bird landing.
Locality Capaya River mouth, Barlovento, Miranda State, Venezuela (ssp maximus)
Eduardo López 2 December 2008 6 years ago 4.2