Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus) - HBW 3, p. 647
French: Sterne royale
Spanish: Charrán Real
Taxonomy: Sterna maxima Boddaert, 1783, Cayenne.
Genus often merged with Sterna. Sometimes considered to form superspecies with T. bergii. Racial variation questionable. Two subspecies normally recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- albididorsalis (Hartert, 1921) - Mauritania to Guinea, occasionally further S; winters S to Namibia.
- maximus (Boddaert, 1783) - S California to Sinaloa, and Maryland (rarely New Jersey) to Texas, and through West Indies to the Guianas and possibly Brazil, with disjunct breeding populations on Yucatán, and in S Brazil, Uruguay and N Patagonia; winters S to Peru and to Uruguay and Argentina.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 31 videos
a couple of nonbreeding adults on the beach Locality Santa Clara, Coclé Province, Panama
Thore Noernberg 15 January 2015 4 weeks ago 30 sec 4.7
A winter-plumaged adult standing on a beach, stretching its wings and flying away Locality Ventura County, California, USA (United States) (ssp maxima)
Don DesJardin 31 December 2007 6 years ago 32 sec 4.6
Resting. Locality Miami Beach, Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA (United States)
Eduardo Tejeda Lima 2 February 2014 49 weeks ago 25 sec 4.6
bird in the shore Locality La Libertad Department, Peru (ssp maximus)
Daniêl Jimenez 16 November 2012 1 year ago 30 sec 4.5
An individual stretching wings and then walking; finally standing still Locality Fort Lauderdale, Broward County, Florida, USA (United States) (ssp maximus)
Joe Angseesing 17 January 2009 5 years ago 36 sec 4.5
a nonbreeding adult on the beach Locality Santa Clara, Coclé Province, Panama
Thore Noernberg 15 January 2015 4 weeks ago 15 sec 4.4
PhotosSee all 72 photos
Locality Paracas National Reserve, Ica Department, Peru
Lior Kislev 12 December 2009 3 years ago 4.7
Two birds on the seashore
Locality Tulum, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern)
Piotr Jonczyk 6 December 2007 5 years ago 4.5
Resting on the beach.
Locality Blind Pass, Captiva Island, Lee County, Florida, USA (United States)
firstname.lastname@example.org 30 January 2001 40 weeks ago 4.3
On the beach.
Locality Sanibel Island, Lee County, Florida, USA (United States)
email@example.com 2 February 2003 41 weeks ago 4.3
A bird sitting on a pole.
Locality Florida, USA (United States)
sophiebuck 11 December 2012 2 years ago 4.2
A bird landing.
Locality Capaya River mouth, Barlovento, Miranda State, Venezuela (ssp maximus)
Eduardo López 2 December 2008 5 years ago 4.2