Parrots (Psittacidae)

Red Shining-parrot (Prosopeia tabuensis) - HBW 4, p. 370

French: Perruche pompadour German: Pompadoursittich Spanish: Papagayo Granate
Other common names: Red-breasted Shining-parrot, Red Musk-parrot

Taxonomy: Psittacus tabuensis J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Tonga Tabu, Tonga Islands.
Sometimes considered conspecific with P. splendens, but latter may be closer to P. personata. Nominate race often restricted to birds of Gau (Fiji) and Tonga, with those of Koro placed in koroensis and remainder in atrogularis, on basis of presence and extent of blue nuchal collar and maroon feather fringes on rump and uppertail-coverts, but these characters now known to be variable within populations; situation somewhat confused, especially due to probable mixtures resulting from introductions. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • tabuensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) - Vanua Levu, Kioa, Koro and Gau in Fiji, and 'Eua in Tonga; formerly Tongatapu in Tonga, where the few birds now present are escapes.
  • taviunensis (E. L. Layard, 1876) - Taveuni and Ngamea (Qamea), Fiji.