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Pheasants and Partridges (Phasianidae)

Red-necked Francolin (Francolinus afer) - HBW 2, p. 500

French: Francolin à gorge rouge German: Rotkehlfrankolin Spanish: Francolín Gorgirrojo
Other common names: Bare-throated Francolin, Red-necked Spurfowl; Cranch's Francolin (cranchii)

Taxonomy: Tetrao afer P. L. S. Müller, 1776, Benguela, Angola.
Forms superspecies with F. leucoscepus, F. rufopictus and F. swainsonii, although F. swainsonii sometimes excluded because of overlap with present species. Recently proposed reorganization of Francolinus places present species in genus Pternistis with 23 other species. Several other races have been described, but doubtfully valid: loangwae included in melanogaster; and intercedens in cranchii; validity of several of the races currently accepted is also doubtful. Race cranchii (incorporating leucoparaeus and <.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Tetrao afer P. L. S. Müller, 1776, Benguela, Angola.
Forms superspecies with F. leucoscepus, F. rufopictus and F. swainsonii, although F. swainsonii sometimes excluded because of overlap with present species. Recently proposed reorganization of Francolinus places present species in genus Pternistis with 23 other species. Several other races have been described, but doubtfully valid: loangwae included in melanogaster; and intercedens in cranchii; validity of several of the races currently accepted is also doubtful. Race cranchii (incorporating leucoparaeus and harterti) has been separated as distinct species. Nominate afer hybridizes with F. swainsonii near Harare, NE Zimbabwe. Seven subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • cranchii (Leach, 1818) - W Congo E to E Africa, around L Victoria, and S to NE Zambia.
  • harterti (Reichenow, 1909) - around N shore of L Tanganyika in Ruzizi Valley, Burundi, and NE Tanzania and E Zaire.
  • leucoparaeus Fischer & Reichenow, 1884 - Kenya, from R Tana to Tanzanian border.

     See all 7 subspecies
  • cranchii (Leach, 1818) - W Congo E to E Africa, around L Victoria, and S to NE Zambia.
  • harterti (Reichenow, 1909) - around N shore of L Tanganyika in Ruzizi Valley, Burundi, and NE Tanzania and E Zaire.
  • leucoparaeus Fischer & Reichenow, 1884 - Kenya, from R Tana to Tanzanian border.
  • afer (P. L. S. Müller, 1776) - W Angola and extreme NW Namibia.
  • melanogaster (Neumann, 1898) - Mozambique (N of R Zambezi), E Tanzania and E Zambia.
  • swynnertoni (W. L. Sclater, 1921) - SE Zimbabwe E to C Mozambique (S of R Zambezi).
  • castaneiventer (Gunning & Roberts, 1911) - South Africa, from S & E Cape Province E to R Limpopo.