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Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Red-headed Bluebill (Spermophaga ruficapilla) - HBW 15, p. 323

French: Becbleu à tête rouge German: Rotkopf-Samenknacker Spanish: Estrilda Piquigorda Cabecirroja
Other common names: Red-billed Bluebill, Red-headed Blue-billed Weaver, Red-headed Forest Weaver, Forest Seedcracker; Usambara Bluebill (cana)

Taxonomy: Spermospiza ruficapilla Shelley, 1888, Bellima, upper Uele district, DRCongo.
May form a superspecies with S. haematina, and sometimes considered conspecific; ranges of the two meet in NE, E & S DRCongo (Uele, Kivu and Kasai), where specimens are intermediate in plumage, but majority of birds are clearly of one or the other species, indicating that the two are distinct. Proposed race kilgoris (described from Kilgoris, in SW Kenya) treated as a synonym of nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ruficapilla ( Shelley, 1888) - SE Central African Republic, NE, E & S DRCongo, extreme S Sudan, Uganda, W & C Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, W Tanzania and N Angola.
  • cana ( Friedmann, 1927) - Usambara Mts, in NE Tanzania.