Red Fox-sparrow (Passerella iliaca) - HBW 16, p. 539
French: Bruant fauve
Spanish: Chingolo Zorruno
Taxonomy: Fringilla iliaca Merrem, 1786, North America = Quebec, Canada.
Genus sometimes subsumed in Zonotrichia. This species and P. schistacea, P. megarhyncha and P. unalaschcensis are often treated as conspecific. Some molecular data suggest that P. arborea may be sister-taxon of these four. Probably hybridizes occasionally with P. unalaschcensis near L Iliamna, at E end of Alaska Peninsula. Geographical variation largely clinal, making delimitation of races difficult; nominate race and zaboria intergrade into each other, and many individuals cannot safely be assigned to either race. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- zaboria Oberholser, 1946 - breeds NW and interior Alaska and in W Canada from N Yukon and NW & CE Northwest Territories E to N Manitoba, S to N British Columbia, C Alberta, C Saskatchewan and S Manitoba; winters in SE USA chiefly E of Great Plains, from E Kansas and S Iowa S to S Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and N Georgia.
- iliaca (Merrem, 1786) - breeds in E Canada from NE Manitoba E to N Labrador, S to NC Ontario, SE Quebec and S Newfoundland; winters in SE Canada (S Ontario and New Brunswick) and E USA from S Wisconsin and S Michigan E to N Vermont, S to S Mississippi, Alabama and C Florida.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
Feeding in the grass. Locality Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Ken Simonite 6 April 2012 1 year ago 29 sec 4.5
A bird picking up food below a feeder Locality Mount Airy, Maryland, USA (United States) (ssp iliaca)
Robert Schaefer 14 March 2007 5 years ago 25 sec 4.4
Fox Sparrow under a feeder. Locality Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, USA (United States) (ssp iliaca)
Alexander Grimwade 8 March 2009 3 years ago 17 sec 3.3