Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Red-crowned Ant-tanager (Habia rubica) - HBW 16, p. 319

French: Habia à couronne rouge German: Karminameisentangare Spanish: Habia Coronirroja
Other common names: Jungle Ant-tanager

Taxonomy: Staltator[sic] rubicus Vieillot, 1817, Paraguay.
Molecular-genetic evidence indicates that this genus may form a monophyletic group with Piranga and Chlorothraupis, and that all three are more closely related to cardinals (Cardinalidae) than to true tanagers. Nominate race and bahiae geographically isolated from all other races, in region of SE Brazil; other races are smaller and paler, with more contrasting pattern on head, and might represent a separate species. Several of the numerous races are weakly differentiated and seem barely worth recognizing. Seventeen subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • holobrunnea Griscom, 1930 - E Mexico from S Tamaulipas S to N Oaxaca.
  • rosea (Nelson, 1898) - Pacific slope of SW Mexico from Nayarit and Jalisco S to Guerrero.
  • affinis (Nelson, 1897) - SW Oaxaca (S Mexico).

     See all 17 subspecies
  • holobrunnea Griscom, 1930 - E Mexico from S Tamaulipas S to N Oaxaca.
  • rosea (Nelson, 1898) - Pacific slope of SW Mexico from Nayarit and Jalisco S to Guerrero.
  • affinis (Nelson, 1897) - SW Oaxaca (S Mexico).
  • nelsoni (Ridgway, 1902) - SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula).
  • rubicoides (Lafresnaye, 1844) - S Mexico (from Pueblo, E Oaxaca, Tabasco and Chiapas), Guatemala and Belize S to Honduras, El Salvador and possibly Nicaragua.
  • alfaroana (Ridgway, 1905) - NW Costa Rica (Guanacaste).
  • vinacea (Lawrence, 1867) - Pacific slope of Costa Rica (S from Nicoya Peninsula) and Panama (E to Darién).
  • perijana Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1957 - Perijá Mts region of Venezuela–Colombia.
  • coccinea (Todd, 1919) - base of Andes in W Venezuela (S from Lara) and adjacent NC Colombia.
  • crissalis Parkes, 1969 - NE Venezuela (mountains of Anzoátegui and Sucre).
  • rubra (Vieillot, 1819) - Trinidad.
  • mesopotamia Parkes, 1969 - E Venezuela (R Yuruán region of E Bolívar).
  • rhodinolaema (Salvin & Godman, 1883) - Colombia E of Andes (from Meta S to Caquetá), NW Brazil, E Ecuador and NE Peru.
  • peruviana (Taczanowski, 1884) - E Peru, W Brazil and N Bolivia (S to Santa Cruz).
  • hesterna Griscom & Greenway, 1937 - C Brazil S of R Amazon (E to R Xingu, S to N Mato Grosso).
  • bahiae Hellmayr, 1936 - NE & CE Brazil (Alagoas; SE Bahia).
  • rubica (Vieillot, 1817) - E Paraguay, SE Brazil (from S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo S to Rio Grande do Sul) and NE Argentina (Misiones).